Factors Underlying Contextual Variations in the Structure of the Self: Differences Related to SES, Gender, Culture, and "Majority/Nonmajority" Status During Early Adolescence

Jonathan Bruce Santo, William M. Bukowski, Luz Stella-Lopez, Gina Carmago, Shari B. Mayman, Ryan E. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Multilevel modeling was used to examine contextual variations in the structure of the "self" in a sample of 918 lower- and upper-middle class early adolescents (M age = 10.37 years, SD = 1.19) from a "majority" cultural context (i.e., Barranquilla in the Caribbean region of Colombia) and a "nonmajority" context (i.e., Montréal, Québec, Canada). It was expected that the associations between measures of the self-concept (i.e., indices of self-perceived competence) and a measure of general self-worth would differ in majority and nonmajority contexts and would vary as a function of socioeconomic status, the relative emphasis placed on individualism and collectivism and gender. Findings indicate that contextual factors moderated the extent to which self-worth is associated with components of early adolescents' self-concept.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-80
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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