Factors influencing acceptance into part c early intervention among low-risk graduates of neonatal intensive care units

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Low-risk infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can include infants whose stay was due to late-Term prematurity, suspicion of sepsis, breathing issues, and/or feeding challenges. This study aimed to identify the degree to which sociodemographic and medical factors contribute to low-risk NICU graduates being accepted into Part C early intervention services. Family sociodemographic and child medical factors were examined for 3,826 low-risk graduates of NICUs in 1 Midwestern state. These NICU graduates were compared with the general population of children birth to age 3 years in the state for rates of enrollment in Part C programs. Low-risk NICU graduates had significantly higher early intervention acceptance rates than children in the general population. Neonatal intensive care unit graduates residing in an urban area were more likely to be accepted into early intervention services than those residing in a rural area. The length of NICU stay also predicted acceptance into services; the likelihood of acceptance into early intervention programs increased for each additional day a child stayed in the NICU. Low-risk NICU graduates should be monitored routinely after discharge for developmental delays and the need for referral to Part C early intervention programs any time in the children's first 3 years of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-32
Number of pages13
JournalInfants and Young Children
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019



  • Child Find
  • NICU
  • Part C
  • acceptance
  • early intervention
  • follow-up
  • low-risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this