Factors contributing to the failure to use condoms among students in Zambia

Lazarous Mbulo, Ian M. Newman, Duane F. Shell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored factors that may predict condom use among college and high school students in Zambia. Using the Social Cognitive Theory, this study examined the relationship of drinking behaviors, alcohol-sexual expectations, education level, and religion to condom use among 961 students. The results of the study show that condom use was low among both drinkers and non-drinkers. The results also showed that drinkers had higher positive alcohol-sexual expectations than non-drinkers. Furthermore, drinkers had lower negative alcohol-sexual expectations than non-drinkers. A logistic regression analysis showed that alcohol-sexual expectancies, gender, education, and religion were not significant predictors of condom use among sexually-active students. However, among drinkers, education and positive alcohol-sexual expectancies were significant predictors. Education, positive alcohol-sexual expectations and religion were also significant predictors of condom use among students who engaged in sexual activities after drinking. We conclude that drinking behavior, alcohol-sexual expectations, educational level and religion are associated with lower use of condom.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-58
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Alcohol and Drug Education
Volume51
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Zambia
Condoms
alcohol
Alcohols
Students
Religion
student
Education
Drinking Behavior
education
cognitive theory
Sexual Behavior
Drinking
regression analysis
Logistic Models
logistics
Regression Analysis
gender
school

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Factors contributing to the failure to use condoms among students in Zambia. / Mbulo, Lazarous; Newman, Ian M.; Shell, Duane F.

In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, Vol. 51, No. 2, 01.06.2007, p. 40-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mbulo, Lazarous ; Newman, Ian M. ; Shell, Duane F. / Factors contributing to the failure to use condoms among students in Zambia. In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education. 2007 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 40-58.
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