Extraction, identification, and quantification of antioxidant phenolics from hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) shells

Bo Yuan, Mei Lu, Kent M Eskridge, Loren D. Isom, Milford A. Hanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hazelnut shells are the major byproduct of the hazelnut industry. The objectives of this study were to optimize the conditions for extracting phenolics and to identify and quantify the phenolics in hazelnut shells. Preliminary optimization showed that a high recovery of phenolics could be achieved with shell particle size less than 0.5 mm when extracted with acetone at 50 °C. Response surface experiments showed that a 10 g/l liquid to solid ratio, 58% acetone, and 12 h extraction time yielded the highest amount of phenolics. Twenty-seven phenolic compounds were identified in hazelnut shells by mass spectrometry. Coumaroylquinic acid, epicatechin gallate, quercetin, and six other phenolics were identified in hazelnut shells for the first time. The most abundant phenolics in hazelnut shells were catechin, epicatechin gallate, and gallic acid, as quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). These results can be useful for the development of industrial extraction processes of natural antioxidants from hazelnut shells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume244
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

Corylus
Corylus avellana
hazelnuts
Acetone
hulls
Antioxidants
antioxidants
Gallic Acid
Catechin
Quercetin
High performance liquid chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Byproducts
Particle size
Recovery
epicatechin
Acids
Liquids
acetone
Industry

Keywords

  • Antioxidant capacity
  • Extraction
  • Hazelnut shells
  • HPLC-DAD
  • HPLC-MS/MS
  • Optimization
  • Phenolics
  • Response surface experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science

Cite this

Extraction, identification, and quantification of antioxidant phenolics from hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) shells. / Yuan, Bo; Lu, Mei; Eskridge, Kent M; Isom, Loren D.; Hanna, Milford A.

In: Food Chemistry, Vol. 244, 01.04.2018, p. 7-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hanna, Milford A.

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