Extraction, characterization of components, and potential thermoplastic applications of camelina meal grafted with vinyl monomers

Narendra Reddy, Enqi Jin, Lihong Chen, Xue Jiang, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Camelina meal contains oil, proteins, and carbohydrates that can be used to develop value-added bioproducts. In addition to containing valuable polymers, coproducts generated during the production of biofuels are inexpensive and renewable. Camelina is a preferred oilseed crop for biodiesel production because camelina is easier to grow and provides better yields. In this research, the components in camelina meal were extracted and studied for their composition, structure, and properties. The potential of using the camelina meal to develop thermoplastics was also studied by grafting various vinyl monomers. Oil (19%) extracted from camelina meal could be useful for food and fuel applications, and proteins and cellulose in camelina meal could be useful in the development of films, fibers, and thermoplastics. Thermoplastic films developed from grafted camelina meal had excellent wet tensile properties, unlike thermoplastics developed from other biopolymers. Camelina meal grafted with butylmethacrylate (BMA) had high dry and wet tensile strengths of 53.7 and 17.3 MPa, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4872-4879
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume60
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2012

Fingerprint

thermoplastics
Thermoplastics
Meals
Monomers
Biofuels
Oils
Camelina
Oilseeds
Biopolymers
films (materials)
Tensile properties
Cellulose
Crops
Polymers
Proteins
Tensile strength
biobased products
Carbohydrates
oils
coproducts

Keywords

  • biodiesel
  • biothermoplastics
  • camelina
  • coproducts
  • grafting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Extraction, characterization of components, and potential thermoplastic applications of camelina meal grafted with vinyl monomers. / Reddy, Narendra; Jin, Enqi; Chen, Lihong; Jiang, Xue; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 60, No. 19, 16.05.2012, p. 4872-4879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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