Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoma (LBL) represent a disease spectrum. Activating mutations in Notch1 are found in 50-60 % of T-cell ALL, and little is known about its role in B-cell ALL. Notch1 activation results in upregulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Expression of mTOR and downstream targets has not been characterized in LBL. We analyzed immunohistochemical expression of Notch1, phospho-mTOR, phospho-70S6 kinase, and phospho-S6 ribosomal protein in 15 cases of T-cell LBL and 10 cases of B-cell LBL obtained from Children's Oncology Group trial CCG 5971. Positive specimens were defined as ≥25 % expression. All specimens expressed Notch1 and most expressed phospho-mTOR and phospho-70S6 kinase, while a minority expressed phospho-S6 ribosomal protein. Our data suggest that expression of both the Notch1 and mTOR pathways are increased in T-cell and B-cell pediatric LBL and support further studies in determining the therapeutic role of Notch1 and mTOR inhibitors.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
- Lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL)
- Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine