Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context

Abigail A. Fagan, Emily M Steiner, Gillian M. Pinchevsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-326
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

victimization
violence
adolescent
community
public health
alcohol
regression
evidence
economics

Keywords

  • Exposure to violence
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Neighborhoods
  • Substance use
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context. / Fagan, Abigail A.; Steiner, Emily M; Pinchevsky, Gillian M.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 49, 01.01.2015, p. 314-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fagan, Abigail A. ; Steiner, Emily M ; Pinchevsky, Gillian M. / Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context. In: Social Science Research. 2015 ; Vol. 49. pp. 314-326.
@article{6dc6a9d9bc38488c85bd1304fb8d1d7d,
title = "Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context",
abstract = "Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions.",
keywords = "Exposure to violence, Juvenile delinquency, Neighborhoods, Substance use, Victimization",
author = "Fagan, {Abigail A.} and Steiner, {Emily M} and Pinchevsky, {Gillian M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2014.08.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "314--326",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context

AU - Fagan, Abigail A.

AU - Steiner, Emily M

AU - Pinchevsky, Gillian M.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions.

AB - Adolescent exposure to violence and substance use are both public health problems, but how neighborhood context contributes to these outcomes is unclear. This study uses prospective data from 1416 adolescents to examine the direct and interacting influences of victimization and neighborhood factors on adolescent substance use. Based on hierarchical Bernoulli regression models that controlled for prior substance use and multiple individual-level factors, exposure to violence significantly increased the likelihood of marijuana use but not alcohol use or binge drinking. There was little evidence that community norms regarding adolescent substance use influenced rates of substance use or moderated the impact of victimization. Community disadvantage did not directly impact substance use, but the relationship between victimization and marijuana use was stronger for those in neighborhoods with greater disadvantage. The results suggest that victimization is particularly likely to affect adolescents' marijuana use, and that this relationship may be contingent upon neighborhood economic conditions.

KW - Exposure to violence

KW - Juvenile delinquency

KW - Neighborhoods

KW - Substance use

KW - Victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907481966&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907481966&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2014.08.015

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2014.08.015

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 314

EP - 326

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

ER -