Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes

Sarah E. Evans, Corrie Davies, David K DiLillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

369 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship between childhood exposure to domestic violence and children's internalizing, externalizing, and trauma symptoms. Results from 60 reviewed studies revealed mean weighted effect size d-values of .48 and .47 for the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and childhood internalizing and externalizing symptoms, respectively, indicating moderate effects. A larger mean weighted effect size d-value of 1.54 was obtained for the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and childhood trauma symptoms, though this figure was based on only six studies. Moderator analyses for gender showed that the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and externalizing symptoms was significantly stronger for boys than for girls. Further analyses examining age, age by gender, and recruitment setting variables revealed no significant effects. Descriptive information obtained from this meta-analytic review suggests that more recent research within this area is beginning to address some of the significant methodological limitations of past research. Recommendations for future research in the area are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint

Domestic Violence
domestic violence
Meta-Analysis
adolescent
childhood
trauma
gender
Wounds and Injuries
moderator
Research
Values
Exposure to Violence

Keywords

  • Child abuse
  • Child behavior problems
  • Child witnesses
  • Domestic violence
  • Family violence
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Law

Cite this

Exposure to domestic violence : A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes. / Evans, Sarah E.; Davies, Corrie; DiLillo, David K.

In: Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 13, No. 2, 03.2008, p. 131-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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