Exploring the structural complexity of intermetallic compounds by an adaptive genetic algorithm

X. Zhao, M. C. Nguyen, W. Y. Zhang, C. Z. Wang, M. J. Kramer, D. J. Sellmyer, X. Z. Li, F. Zhang, L. Q. Ke, V. P. Antropov, K. M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solving the crystal structures of novel phases with nanoscale dimensions resulting from rapid quenching is difficult due to disorder and competing polymorphic phases. Advances in computer speed and algorithm sophistication have now made it feasible to predict the crystal structure of an unknown phase without any assumptions on the Bravais lattice type, atom basis, or unit cell dimensions, providing a novel approach to aid experiments in exploring complex materials with nanoscale grains. This approach is demonstrated by solving a long-standing puzzle in the complex crystal structures of the orthorhombic, rhombohedral, and hexagonal polymorphs close to the Zr2Co11 intermetallic compound. From our calculations, we identified the hard magnetic phase and the origin of high coercivity in this compound, thus guiding further development of these materials for use as high performance permanent magnets without rare-earth elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045502
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2014

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genetic algorithms
intermetallics
crystal structure
permanent magnets
coercivity
rare earth elements
disorders
cells
atoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Exploring the structural complexity of intermetallic compounds by an adaptive genetic algorithm. / Zhao, X.; Nguyen, M. C.; Zhang, W. Y.; Wang, C. Z.; Kramer, M. J.; Sellmyer, D. J.; Li, X. Z.; Zhang, F.; Ke, L. Q.; Antropov, V. P.; Ho, K. M.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 112, No. 4, 045502, 28.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhao, X, Nguyen, MC, Zhang, WY, Wang, CZ, Kramer, MJ, Sellmyer, DJ, Li, XZ, Zhang, F, Ke, LQ, Antropov, VP & Ho, KM 2014, 'Exploring the structural complexity of intermetallic compounds by an adaptive genetic algorithm', Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, no. 4, 045502. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.045502
Zhao, X. ; Nguyen, M. C. ; Zhang, W. Y. ; Wang, C. Z. ; Kramer, M. J. ; Sellmyer, D. J. ; Li, X. Z. ; Zhang, F. ; Ke, L. Q. ; Antropov, V. P. ; Ho, K. M. / Exploring the structural complexity of intermetallic compounds by an adaptive genetic algorithm. In: Physical Review Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 112, No. 4.
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