Exogenous Progestogen and Estrogen Implicated in Birth Defects

James J. Nora, Audrey H. Nora, Janet Blu, Joy Ingram, Agnes Fountain, Marilyn Peterson, Randall H. Lortscher, William J. Kimberling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A five-year study of the possible teratogenicity of exogenous female sex hormones included three case-control studies and one cohort study. The first case-control study disclosed an estimated relative risk of 8.41 and a highly significant difference in maternal hormonal exposure (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-843
Number of pages7
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume240
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Progestins
Case-Control Studies
Estrogens
Maternal Exposure
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Cohort Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nora, J. J., Nora, A. H., Blu, J., Ingram, J., Fountain, A., Peterson, M., ... Kimberling, W. J. (1978). Exogenous Progestogen and Estrogen Implicated in Birth Defects. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 240(9), 837-843. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1978.03290090031012

Exogenous Progestogen and Estrogen Implicated in Birth Defects. / Nora, James J.; Nora, Audrey H.; Blu, Janet; Ingram, Joy; Fountain, Agnes; Peterson, Marilyn; Lortscher, Randall H.; Kimberling, William J.

In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 240, No. 9, 01.09.1978, p. 837-843.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nora, JJ, Nora, AH, Blu, J, Ingram, J, Fountain, A, Peterson, M, Lortscher, RH & Kimberling, WJ 1978, 'Exogenous Progestogen and Estrogen Implicated in Birth Defects', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 240, no. 9, pp. 837-843. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1978.03290090031012
Nora, James J. ; Nora, Audrey H. ; Blu, Janet ; Ingram, Joy ; Fountain, Agnes ; Peterson, Marilyn ; Lortscher, Randall H. ; Kimberling, William J. / Exogenous Progestogen and Estrogen Implicated in Birth Defects. In: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. 1978 ; Vol. 240, No. 9. pp. 837-843.
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