Exercise training prevents skeletal muscle afferent sensitization in rats with chronic heart failure

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Abstract

An exaggerated exercise pressor reflex (EPR) contributes to exercise intolerance and excessive sympathoexcitation in the chronic heart failure (CHF) state, which is prevented by exercise training (ExT) at an early stage in the development of CHF. We hypothesized that ExT has a beneficial effect on the exaggerated EPR by improving the dysfunction of muscle afferents in CHF. We recorded the discharge of mechanically sensitive (group III) and metabolically sensitive (group IV) afferents in response to static contraction, passive stretch, and hindlimb intra-arterial injection of capsaicin in sham+sedentary (Sed), sham+ExT, CHF+Sed, and CHF+ExT rats. Compared with sham+Sed rats, CHF+Sed rats exhibited greater responses of group III afferents to contraction and stretch, whereas the responses of group IV afferents to contraction and capsaicin were blunted. ExT prevented the sensitization of group III responses to contraction or stretch and partially prevented the blunted group IV responses to contraction or capsaicin in CHF rats. Furthermore, we investigated whether purinergic 2X (P2X) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors mediate the altered sensitivity of muscle afferents by ExT in CHF. We found that the upregulated P2X and downregulated TRPV1 receptors in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia of CHF rats were normalized by ExT. Hindlimb intra-arterial infusion of a P2X antagonist attenuated the group III response to contraction or stretch in CHF rats to a greater extent than in sham rats, which was normalized by ExT. These findings suggest that ExT improves the abnormal sensitization of muscle afferents in CHF at least, in part, via restoring the dysfunction of P2X and TRPV1 receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1260-R1270
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume302
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

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Skeletal Muscle
Heart Failure
Exercise
Capsaicin
Hindlimb
Muscles
Reflex
Purinergic Antagonists
Intra-Arterial Injections
Intra Arterial Infusions
Spinal Ganglia
Down-Regulation

Keywords

  • C fiber
  • Decerebration
  • Electrophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Exercise training prevents skeletal muscle afferent sensitization in rats with chronic heart failure",
abstract = "An exaggerated exercise pressor reflex (EPR) contributes to exercise intolerance and excessive sympathoexcitation in the chronic heart failure (CHF) state, which is prevented by exercise training (ExT) at an early stage in the development of CHF. We hypothesized that ExT has a beneficial effect on the exaggerated EPR by improving the dysfunction of muscle afferents in CHF. We recorded the discharge of mechanically sensitive (group III) and metabolically sensitive (group IV) afferents in response to static contraction, passive stretch, and hindlimb intra-arterial injection of capsaicin in sham+sedentary (Sed), sham+ExT, CHF+Sed, and CHF+ExT rats. Compared with sham+Sed rats, CHF+Sed rats exhibited greater responses of group III afferents to contraction and stretch, whereas the responses of group IV afferents to contraction and capsaicin were blunted. ExT prevented the sensitization of group III responses to contraction or stretch and partially prevented the blunted group IV responses to contraction or capsaicin in CHF rats. Furthermore, we investigated whether purinergic 2X (P2X) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors mediate the altered sensitivity of muscle afferents by ExT in CHF. We found that the upregulated P2X and downregulated TRPV1 receptors in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia of CHF rats were normalized by ExT. Hindlimb intra-arterial infusion of a P2X antagonist attenuated the group III response to contraction or stretch in CHF rats to a greater extent than in sham rats, which was normalized by ExT. These findings suggest that ExT improves the abnormal sensitization of muscle afferents in CHF at least, in part, via restoring the dysfunction of P2X and TRPV1 receptors.",
keywords = "C fiber, Decerebration, Electrophysiology",
author = "Hanjun Wang and Yulong Li and Zucker, {Irving H} and Wei Wang",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise training prevents skeletal muscle afferent sensitization in rats with chronic heart failure

AU - Wang, Hanjun

AU - Li, Yulong

AU - Zucker, Irving H

AU - Wang, Wei

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - An exaggerated exercise pressor reflex (EPR) contributes to exercise intolerance and excessive sympathoexcitation in the chronic heart failure (CHF) state, which is prevented by exercise training (ExT) at an early stage in the development of CHF. We hypothesized that ExT has a beneficial effect on the exaggerated EPR by improving the dysfunction of muscle afferents in CHF. We recorded the discharge of mechanically sensitive (group III) and metabolically sensitive (group IV) afferents in response to static contraction, passive stretch, and hindlimb intra-arterial injection of capsaicin in sham+sedentary (Sed), sham+ExT, CHF+Sed, and CHF+ExT rats. Compared with sham+Sed rats, CHF+Sed rats exhibited greater responses of group III afferents to contraction and stretch, whereas the responses of group IV afferents to contraction and capsaicin were blunted. ExT prevented the sensitization of group III responses to contraction or stretch and partially prevented the blunted group IV responses to contraction or capsaicin in CHF rats. Furthermore, we investigated whether purinergic 2X (P2X) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors mediate the altered sensitivity of muscle afferents by ExT in CHF. We found that the upregulated P2X and downregulated TRPV1 receptors in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia of CHF rats were normalized by ExT. Hindlimb intra-arterial infusion of a P2X antagonist attenuated the group III response to contraction or stretch in CHF rats to a greater extent than in sham rats, which was normalized by ExT. These findings suggest that ExT improves the abnormal sensitization of muscle afferents in CHF at least, in part, via restoring the dysfunction of P2X and TRPV1 receptors.

AB - An exaggerated exercise pressor reflex (EPR) contributes to exercise intolerance and excessive sympathoexcitation in the chronic heart failure (CHF) state, which is prevented by exercise training (ExT) at an early stage in the development of CHF. We hypothesized that ExT has a beneficial effect on the exaggerated EPR by improving the dysfunction of muscle afferents in CHF. We recorded the discharge of mechanically sensitive (group III) and metabolically sensitive (group IV) afferents in response to static contraction, passive stretch, and hindlimb intra-arterial injection of capsaicin in sham+sedentary (Sed), sham+ExT, CHF+Sed, and CHF+ExT rats. Compared with sham+Sed rats, CHF+Sed rats exhibited greater responses of group III afferents to contraction and stretch, whereas the responses of group IV afferents to contraction and capsaicin were blunted. ExT prevented the sensitization of group III responses to contraction or stretch and partially prevented the blunted group IV responses to contraction or capsaicin in CHF rats. Furthermore, we investigated whether purinergic 2X (P2X) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors mediate the altered sensitivity of muscle afferents by ExT in CHF. We found that the upregulated P2X and downregulated TRPV1 receptors in L4/5 dorsal root ganglia of CHF rats were normalized by ExT. Hindlimb intra-arterial infusion of a P2X antagonist attenuated the group III response to contraction or stretch in CHF rats to a greater extent than in sham rats, which was normalized by ExT. These findings suggest that ExT improves the abnormal sensitization of muscle afferents in CHF at least, in part, via restoring the dysfunction of P2X and TRPV1 receptors.

KW - C fiber

KW - Decerebration

KW - Electrophysiology

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U2 - 10.1152/ajpregu.00054.2012

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VL - 302

SP - R1260-R1270

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology

SN - 0363-6127

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