Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey

Mubeccel Gonen, Tulin Guler-Yildiz, Ayca Ulker-Erdem, Aileen Garcia, Helen Raikes, Ibrahim H. Acar, Feyza Ozkan-Yildiz, Ipek Karlidag, Sukran Ucus, Dawn L. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. sample. Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other. In the U.S., executive functions predicted communication, problem solving, and fine motor development, whereas in the Turkish sample, executive functions did not predict domain scores. Child gender predicted four of five developmental outcomes in the U.S., whereas maternal education predicted two of five outcomes in Turkey. In addition, invariance testing demonstrated that predictors to outcomes were not significantly different between the two countries. Country differences from the first set of outcomes were explained in the context of the research sites, children’s socialization, and cultural expectations surrounding child development. This study raises questions about relations between executive functions and developmental domains for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-179
Number of pages25
JournalPsychological reports
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Turkey
Socialization
Preschool Children
Child Development
Caregivers
Parents
Communication
Regression Analysis
Mothers
Education
Research

Keywords

  • Executive functions
  • child development
  • cross-cultural research
  • low income
  • preschoolers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey. / Gonen, Mubeccel; Guler-Yildiz, Tulin; Ulker-Erdem, Ayca; Garcia, Aileen; Raikes, Helen; Acar, Ibrahim H.; Ozkan-Yildiz, Feyza; Karlidag, Ipek; Ucus, Sukran; Davis, Dawn L.

In: Psychological reports, Vol. 122, No. 1, 01.02.2019, p. 155-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gonen, M, Guler-Yildiz, T, Ulker-Erdem, A, Garcia, A, Raikes, H, Acar, IH, Ozkan-Yildiz, F, Karlidag, I, Ucus, S & Davis, DL 2019, 'Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey', Psychological reports, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 155-179. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294118756334
Gonen, Mubeccel ; Guler-Yildiz, Tulin ; Ulker-Erdem, Ayca ; Garcia, Aileen ; Raikes, Helen ; Acar, Ibrahim H. ; Ozkan-Yildiz, Feyza ; Karlidag, Ipek ; Ucus, Sukran ; Davis, Dawn L. / Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey. In: Psychological reports. 2019 ; Vol. 122, No. 1. pp. 155-179.
@article{c7be097a52ee46699d9c4e3c62705b97,
title = "Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey",
abstract = "This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. sample. Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other. In the U.S., executive functions predicted communication, problem solving, and fine motor development, whereas in the Turkish sample, executive functions did not predict domain scores. Child gender predicted four of five developmental outcomes in the U.S., whereas maternal education predicted two of five outcomes in Turkey. In addition, invariance testing demonstrated that predictors to outcomes were not significantly different between the two countries. Country differences from the first set of outcomes were explained in the context of the research sites, children’s socialization, and cultural expectations surrounding child development. This study raises questions about relations between executive functions and developmental domains for future research.",
keywords = "Executive functions, child development, cross-cultural research, low income, preschoolers",
author = "Mubeccel Gonen and Tulin Guler-Yildiz and Ayca Ulker-Erdem and Aileen Garcia and Helen Raikes and Acar, {Ibrahim H.} and Feyza Ozkan-Yildiz and Ipek Karlidag and Sukran Ucus and Davis, {Dawn L.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0033294118756334",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "122",
pages = "155--179",
journal = "Psychological Reports",
issn = "0033-2941",
publisher = "Ammons Scientific Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Examining the Association Between Executive Functions and Developmental Domains of Low-Income Children in the United States and Turkey

AU - Gonen, Mubeccel

AU - Guler-Yildiz, Tulin

AU - Ulker-Erdem, Ayca

AU - Garcia, Aileen

AU - Raikes, Helen

AU - Acar, Ibrahim H.

AU - Ozkan-Yildiz, Feyza

AU - Karlidag, Ipek

AU - Ucus, Sukran

AU - Davis, Dawn L.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. sample. Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other. In the U.S., executive functions predicted communication, problem solving, and fine motor development, whereas in the Turkish sample, executive functions did not predict domain scores. Child gender predicted four of five developmental outcomes in the U.S., whereas maternal education predicted two of five outcomes in Turkey. In addition, invariance testing demonstrated that predictors to outcomes were not significantly different between the two countries. Country differences from the first set of outcomes were explained in the context of the research sites, children’s socialization, and cultural expectations surrounding child development. This study raises questions about relations between executive functions and developmental domains for future research.

AB - This study examined the relations between executive functions and developmental domains of preschool children from low-income families through an intercultural perspective in the U.S. and Turkey. A total of 471 children and their primary caregivers participated in the Turkey part of the study, while 286 children and their parents engaged in U.S. sample. Regression analyses revealed that fine motor, problem solving, and executive functions of children between two contexts were significantly different from each other. In the U.S., executive functions predicted communication, problem solving, and fine motor development, whereas in the Turkish sample, executive functions did not predict domain scores. Child gender predicted four of five developmental outcomes in the U.S., whereas maternal education predicted two of five outcomes in Turkey. In addition, invariance testing demonstrated that predictors to outcomes were not significantly different between the two countries. Country differences from the first set of outcomes were explained in the context of the research sites, children’s socialization, and cultural expectations surrounding child development. This study raises questions about relations between executive functions and developmental domains for future research.

KW - Executive functions

KW - child development

KW - cross-cultural research

KW - low income

KW - preschoolers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045054480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045054480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0033294118756334

DO - 10.1177/0033294118756334

M3 - Article

VL - 122

SP - 155

EP - 179

JO - Psychological Reports

JF - Psychological Reports

SN - 0033-2941

IS - 1

ER -