Evidence-based practice to assist women in hospital settings to quit smoking and reduce cardiovascular disease risk

Lynne M Buchanan, Sheila Likness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Smoking and obesity are widely recognized cardiovascular risk factors for significant morbidity and mortality in women. Although women still smoke less than men do, smoking among women is on the increase, especially in younger women and teenagers. Reduction of cardiovascular risk through smoking cessation while maintaining weight is a major goal of intervention. The purpose of this article is to discuss best care practices for women with tobacco addiction using a 3-point integration of clinical expertise, the best available evidence gained from systematic research, and an analysis of satisfaction with care data. A model for a smoking cessation intervention with weight management content is presented using a conceptual framework of social learning theory, self-efficacy judgments, and the 4 principal sources of self-efficacy information. The specific aims of this pilot study are to (1) test the feasibility of the study methods and procedures, including subject accrual, attrition, and reliability of the instruments and protocol; (2) explore utilization of and satisfaction with the intervention; and (3) describe the impact of the intervention on primary (smoking biomarker) and secondary (weight/body mass index, depression, partner support, and smoking cessation self-efficacy temptations) outcomes. Results show that the study is feasible, but modifications are needed to improve utilization and satisfaction with care. The primary outcome showed a reduction in the smoking biomarker while maintaining weight at the 2-month follow-up. There was also improvement in skills to manage temptation situations that supported the conceptual framework. Hypotheses are presented for a future experimental study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-406
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

Evidence-Based Practice
Cardiovascular Diseases
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Self Efficacy
Weights and Measures
Biomarkers
Feasibility Studies
Risk Reduction Behavior
Practice Guidelines
Smoke
Tobacco
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Depression
Morbidity
Mortality
Research

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk reduction
  • Relapse prevention in women
  • Smoking cessation
  • Weight management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Evidence-based practice to assist women in hospital settings to quit smoking and reduce cardiovascular disease risk. / Buchanan, Lynne M; Likness, Sheila.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Vol. 23, No. 5, 01.09.2008, p. 397-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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