Evaluations and Expectancies of Alcohol and Marijuana Problems Among College Students

Raluca Simons, Jeffrey S. Simons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two studies examined the associations between evaluations (good-bad) and expected likelihood (likely-unlikely) of alcohol- and marijuana-related problems and hazardous consumption and problems among college students. Participants provided data on alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and expectancies and evaluations of alcohol problems; marijuana use indices, marijuana-related problems, marijuana effect expectancies, and likelihood and evaluations of marijuana problems. Evaluations of alcohol problems were positively related to the number of binge drinking occasions and alcohol-related problems. The interaction between evaluations and expectancies was significant in predicting the number of binge drinking occasions. Expectancies demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with binge drinking and alcohol-related problems. Marijuana users evaluated marijuana-related problems as less negative and less likely to occur than did nonusers. Expectancies, but not evaluations, of negative consequences were significantly associated with marijuana use intensity. Expectancies of problems demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with marijuana-use intensity and marijuana problems. Men evaluated alcohol and marijuana problems less negatively than did women. In summary, the expected likelihood of alcohol-marijuana problems and the evaluation of such problems represent a vulnerability factor associated with increased liability for hazardous alcohol and marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Fingerprint

Cannabis
Alcohols
Students
Binge Drinking

Keywords

  • alcohol-related problems
  • evaluations
  • expectancies
  • marijuana problems
  • marijuana use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Evaluations and Expectancies of Alcohol and Marijuana Problems Among College Students. / Simons, Raluca; Simons, Jeffrey S.

In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 21, No. 4, 01.12.2007, p. 545-554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{be49f59ed9a6464f832cbba525460c35,
title = "Evaluations and Expectancies of Alcohol and Marijuana Problems Among College Students",
abstract = "Two studies examined the associations between evaluations (good-bad) and expected likelihood (likely-unlikely) of alcohol- and marijuana-related problems and hazardous consumption and problems among college students. Participants provided data on alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and expectancies and evaluations of alcohol problems; marijuana use indices, marijuana-related problems, marijuana effect expectancies, and likelihood and evaluations of marijuana problems. Evaluations of alcohol problems were positively related to the number of binge drinking occasions and alcohol-related problems. The interaction between evaluations and expectancies was significant in predicting the number of binge drinking occasions. Expectancies demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with binge drinking and alcohol-related problems. Marijuana users evaluated marijuana-related problems as less negative and less likely to occur than did nonusers. Expectancies, but not evaluations, of negative consequences were significantly associated with marijuana use intensity. Expectancies of problems demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with marijuana-use intensity and marijuana problems. Men evaluated alcohol and marijuana problems less negatively than did women. In summary, the expected likelihood of alcohol-marijuana problems and the evaluation of such problems represent a vulnerability factor associated with increased liability for hazardous alcohol and marijuana use.",
keywords = "alcohol-related problems, evaluations, expectancies, marijuana problems, marijuana use",
author = "Raluca Simons and Simons, {Jeffrey S.}",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0893-164X.21.4.545",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "545--554",
journal = "Psychology of Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0893-164X",
publisher = "Educational Publishing Foundation",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluations and Expectancies of Alcohol and Marijuana Problems Among College Students

AU - Simons, Raluca

AU - Simons, Jeffrey S.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Two studies examined the associations between evaluations (good-bad) and expected likelihood (likely-unlikely) of alcohol- and marijuana-related problems and hazardous consumption and problems among college students. Participants provided data on alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and expectancies and evaluations of alcohol problems; marijuana use indices, marijuana-related problems, marijuana effect expectancies, and likelihood and evaluations of marijuana problems. Evaluations of alcohol problems were positively related to the number of binge drinking occasions and alcohol-related problems. The interaction between evaluations and expectancies was significant in predicting the number of binge drinking occasions. Expectancies demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with binge drinking and alcohol-related problems. Marijuana users evaluated marijuana-related problems as less negative and less likely to occur than did nonusers. Expectancies, but not evaluations, of negative consequences were significantly associated with marijuana use intensity. Expectancies of problems demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with marijuana-use intensity and marijuana problems. Men evaluated alcohol and marijuana problems less negatively than did women. In summary, the expected likelihood of alcohol-marijuana problems and the evaluation of such problems represent a vulnerability factor associated with increased liability for hazardous alcohol and marijuana use.

AB - Two studies examined the associations between evaluations (good-bad) and expected likelihood (likely-unlikely) of alcohol- and marijuana-related problems and hazardous consumption and problems among college students. Participants provided data on alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and expectancies and evaluations of alcohol problems; marijuana use indices, marijuana-related problems, marijuana effect expectancies, and likelihood and evaluations of marijuana problems. Evaluations of alcohol problems were positively related to the number of binge drinking occasions and alcohol-related problems. The interaction between evaluations and expectancies was significant in predicting the number of binge drinking occasions. Expectancies demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with binge drinking and alcohol-related problems. Marijuana users evaluated marijuana-related problems as less negative and less likely to occur than did nonusers. Expectancies, but not evaluations, of negative consequences were significantly associated with marijuana use intensity. Expectancies of problems demonstrated a curvilinear relationship with marijuana-use intensity and marijuana problems. Men evaluated alcohol and marijuana problems less negatively than did women. In summary, the expected likelihood of alcohol-marijuana problems and the evaluation of such problems represent a vulnerability factor associated with increased liability for hazardous alcohol and marijuana use.

KW - alcohol-related problems

KW - evaluations

KW - expectancies

KW - marijuana problems

KW - marijuana use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37649023118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37649023118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0893-164X.21.4.545

DO - 10.1037/0893-164X.21.4.545

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 545

EP - 554

JO - Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

JF - Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0893-164X

IS - 4

ER -