Etiology and outcome of extremely low-birth-weight infants

T. A. Iannucci, P. G. Tomich, J. G. Gianopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether the reason for delivery of extremely low-birth-weight infants influenced the immediate neonatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: At a regional perinatal center a retrospective analysis of 111 neonates with birth weights between 500 and 800 gm and their respective mothers was performed. The mother-infant pairs were grouped according to the reason for delivery. Group 1 included those with idiopathic preterm labor. Group 2 included mothers with preterm premature rupture of membranes. Group 3 included those delivered for maternal or fetal indications. Group 4 included all multiple gestations. Maternal, intrapartum, and neonatal outcome variables were then evaluated for statistical significance by analysis of variance and χ2 methods and a p value of 0.05. RESULTS: The neonatal outcome variables (survival and incidence of major intraventricular hemorrhage, hyaline membrane disease, and fetal sepsis) were not found to be significantly different among the four groups tested. CONCLUSION: The reason for the delivery of extremely low-birth-weight infants does not have an impact on the immediate neonatal outcome in these neonates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1896-1902
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume174
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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Keywords

  • Extremely low birth weight
  • neonatal outcome
  • premature birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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