Ethanol‐induced Impairments in Receptor‐mediated Endocytosis of Asialoorosomucoid in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: Time Course of Impairments and Recovery after Ethanol Withdrawal

Carol A Casey, S. L. Kragskow, Michael Floyd Sorrell, D. J. Tuma

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic ethanol administration markedly impairs the process of receptor‐mediated endocytosis (RME) of a representative asialoglycoprotein, asialoorosomucoid (ASOR), by the liver. In this study, we further characterized these impairments by identifying the time of onset for ethanol‐induced changes in RME as well as establishing the time course for recovery to normal endocytotic values after ethanol withdrawal. Ethanol administration for 3 days did not alter any aspect of endocytosis examined in this study. After feeding ethanol to rats for 7 days, however, significant decreases in amounts of ligand bound, internalized, and degraded were apparent. These impairments persisted throughout the 5‐week feeding study although the effects were somewhat attenuated with more prolonged ethanol feeding. In addition, an accumulation of intracellular receptors was observed in ethanol‐fed animals relative to controls after 7 days of ethanol feeding. In all cases, recovery of endocytotic values to control levels was partially completed after 2 to 3 days of refeeding control diet and was fully completed after 7 days of refeeding. These results indicate that ethanol feeding for as little as 7 days profoundly impairs the process of RME by the liver. These impairments can be reversed after refeeding control diet for 7 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-263
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1989

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Endocytosis
Rats
Hepatocytes
Ethanol
Recovery
Nutrition
Liver
Asialoglycoproteins
Diet
Level control
asialoorosomucoid
Reference Values
Animals
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "Ethanol‐induced Impairments in Receptor‐mediated Endocytosis of Asialoorosomucoid in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: Time Course of Impairments and Recovery after Ethanol Withdrawal",
abstract = "Chronic ethanol administration markedly impairs the process of receptor‐mediated endocytosis (RME) of a representative asialoglycoprotein, asialoorosomucoid (ASOR), by the liver. In this study, we further characterized these impairments by identifying the time of onset for ethanol‐induced changes in RME as well as establishing the time course for recovery to normal endocytotic values after ethanol withdrawal. Ethanol administration for 3 days did not alter any aspect of endocytosis examined in this study. After feeding ethanol to rats for 7 days, however, significant decreases in amounts of ligand bound, internalized, and degraded were apparent. These impairments persisted throughout the 5‐week feeding study although the effects were somewhat attenuated with more prolonged ethanol feeding. In addition, an accumulation of intracellular receptors was observed in ethanol‐fed animals relative to controls after 7 days of ethanol feeding. In all cases, recovery of endocytotic values to control levels was partially completed after 2 to 3 days of refeeding control diet and was fully completed after 7 days of refeeding. These results indicate that ethanol feeding for as little as 7 days profoundly impairs the process of RME by the liver. These impairments can be reversed after refeeding control diet for 7 days.",
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