Ethanol feeding inhibits the activity of hepatic N5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase in the rat

A. J. Barak, H. C. Beckenhauer, Dean J Tuma

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Abstract

Recent studies in this laboratory have shown that when rats were chronically fed ethanol that N5-methyltetrahydrofolate accumulated in the liver and this was accompanied by an increase in activity of betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase along with a reduction hepatic betaine. These data suggested that ethanol must have an influence on methionine metabolism at the level of conversion of homocysteine to methionine. It suggested that the enzyme N5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase must be inhibited in some way and that in compensation the rat liver enzyme betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) is increased in activity to supply methionine. The current study tested this hypothesis. Rats were fed the Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet for periods of 6 and 31 days and following these periods, the livers were assayed for N5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase. The findings showed that the ethanol feeding reduced the activity of this enzyme significantly in 6 days and the lowering was still in effect at 31 days. It is entirely feasible that this action of ethanol may be the site where ethanol produces a lesion in folate metabolism which has been suspected for years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-761
Number of pages2
JournalIRCS Medical Science
Volume13
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

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5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase
Rats
Ethanol
Liver
Betaine-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase
Methionine
Metabolism
Enzymes
Betaine
Homocysteine
Nutrition
Folic Acid
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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Ethanol feeding inhibits the activity of hepatic N5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase in the rat. / Barak, A. J.; Beckenhauer, H. C.; Tuma, Dean J.

In: IRCS Medical Science, Vol. 13, No. 8, 01.01.1985, p. 760-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barak, A. J. ; Beckenhauer, H. C. ; Tuma, Dean J. / Ethanol feeding inhibits the activity of hepatic N5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase in the rat. In: IRCS Medical Science. 1985 ; Vol. 13, No. 8. pp. 760-761.
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