Establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations and emergence of initial tacts in young children with autism spectrum disorder

Wayne W Fisher, Billie J. Retzlaff, Jessica S. Akers, Andresa A. DeSouza, Ami J. Kaminski, Mychal A. Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often display impaired listener skills, and few studies have evaluated procedures for establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discrimination skills. We developed and evaluated a treatment package for training initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations based on the extant research on training such discriminations in children with ASD with at least some preexisting skills in this area. The treatment package included (a) conditional-only training, (b) prompting the participant to echo the sample stimulus as a differential observing response, (c) prompting correct selection responses using an identity-match prompt, (d) using progressively delayed prompts, and (e) repeating trials until the participant emitted an independent correct response. Results indicated all participants mastered all listener targets, and the two participants for whom we tested the emergence of corresponding tacts showed mastery of most tacts without direct training. We discuss these results relative to prior research on listener skills and tacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

autism
discrimination
listener
Research
Therapeutics
stimulus
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Discrimination
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Hearing
Young children
Listeners
Prompts

Keywords

  • auditory-visual conditional discrimination
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • differential observing response
  • emergent responding
  • identity-match prompt
  • receptive-expressive transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy

Cite this

Establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations and emergence of initial tacts in young children with autism spectrum disorder. / Fisher, Wayne W; Retzlaff, Billie J.; Akers, Jessica S.; DeSouza, Andresa A.; Kaminski, Ami J.; Machado, Mychal A.

In: Journal of applied behavior analysis, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{32c8ef36a1064635a4d605b2686928bd,
title = "Establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations and emergence of initial tacts in young children with autism spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often display impaired listener skills, and few studies have evaluated procedures for establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discrimination skills. We developed and evaluated a treatment package for training initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations based on the extant research on training such discriminations in children with ASD with at least some preexisting skills in this area. The treatment package included (a) conditional-only training, (b) prompting the participant to echo the sample stimulus as a differential observing response, (c) prompting correct selection responses using an identity-match prompt, (d) using progressively delayed prompts, and (e) repeating trials until the participant emitted an independent correct response. Results indicated all participants mastered all listener targets, and the two participants for whom we tested the emergence of corresponding tacts showed mastery of most tacts without direct training. We discuss these results relative to prior research on listener skills and tacts.",
keywords = "auditory-visual conditional discrimination, autism spectrum disorder, differential observing response, emergent responding, identity-match prompt, receptive-expressive transfer",
author = "Fisher, {Wayne W} and Retzlaff, {Billie J.} and Akers, {Jessica S.} and DeSouza, {Andresa A.} and Kaminski, {Ami J.} and Machado, {Mychal A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jaba.586",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis",
issn = "0021-8855",
publisher = "Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations and emergence of initial tacts in young children with autism spectrum disorder

AU - Fisher, Wayne W

AU - Retzlaff, Billie J.

AU - Akers, Jessica S.

AU - DeSouza, Andresa A.

AU - Kaminski, Ami J.

AU - Machado, Mychal A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often display impaired listener skills, and few studies have evaluated procedures for establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discrimination skills. We developed and evaluated a treatment package for training initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations based on the extant research on training such discriminations in children with ASD with at least some preexisting skills in this area. The treatment package included (a) conditional-only training, (b) prompting the participant to echo the sample stimulus as a differential observing response, (c) prompting correct selection responses using an identity-match prompt, (d) using progressively delayed prompts, and (e) repeating trials until the participant emitted an independent correct response. Results indicated all participants mastered all listener targets, and the two participants for whom we tested the emergence of corresponding tacts showed mastery of most tacts without direct training. We discuss these results relative to prior research on listener skills and tacts.

AB - Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often display impaired listener skills, and few studies have evaluated procedures for establishing initial auditory-visual conditional discrimination skills. We developed and evaluated a treatment package for training initial auditory-visual conditional discriminations based on the extant research on training such discriminations in children with ASD with at least some preexisting skills in this area. The treatment package included (a) conditional-only training, (b) prompting the participant to echo the sample stimulus as a differential observing response, (c) prompting correct selection responses using an identity-match prompt, (d) using progressively delayed prompts, and (e) repeating trials until the participant emitted an independent correct response. Results indicated all participants mastered all listener targets, and the two participants for whom we tested the emergence of corresponding tacts showed mastery of most tacts without direct training. We discuss these results relative to prior research on listener skills and tacts.

KW - auditory-visual conditional discrimination

KW - autism spectrum disorder

KW - differential observing response

KW - emergent responding

KW - identity-match prompt

KW - receptive-expressive transfer

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067406034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067406034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jaba.586

DO - 10.1002/jaba.586

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

JF - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

SN - 0021-8855

ER -