Error and patient safety: Ethical analysis of cases in occupational and physical therapy practice

Linda S. Scheirton, K. Mu, H. Lohman, T. M. Cochran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these events have had moral dimensions that troubled the therapist involved. In this article, six of these transcribed cases are analyzed, using predominant bioethical theories, ethical principles and professional codes of ethics. The cases and their analyses are intended to be exemplary, improving the readers' ability to discern and critically address similar such events. Several patient safety strategies are suggested that might have prevented the events described in these cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-311
Number of pages11
JournalMedicine, Health Care and Philosophy
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Fingerprint

Ethical Analysis
Occupational Therapy
Patient Safety
Ethical Theory
Codes of Ethics
Health Occupations
event
Focus Groups
Accidents
Nursing
Medicine
health care profession
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
therapist
accident
nursing
moral philosophy
medicine
cause

Keywords

  • Case studies
  • Error
  • Ethical analysis
  • Ethics
  • Occupational therapy
  • Patient safety
  • Physical therapy
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Error and patient safety : Ethical analysis of cases in occupational and physical therapy practice. / Scheirton, Linda S.; Mu, K.; Lohman, H.; Cochran, T. M.

In: Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.09.2007, p. 301-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{eb7b6eba93c74305ab911e098da50885,
title = "Error and patient safety: Ethical analysis of cases in occupational and physical therapy practice",
abstract = "Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these events have had moral dimensions that troubled the therapist involved. In this article, six of these transcribed cases are analyzed, using predominant bioethical theories, ethical principles and professional codes of ethics. The cases and their analyses are intended to be exemplary, improving the readers' ability to discern and critically address similar such events. Several patient safety strategies are suggested that might have prevented the events described in these cases.",
keywords = "Case studies, Error, Ethical analysis, Ethics, Occupational therapy, Patient safety, Physical therapy, Rehabilitation",
author = "Scheirton, {Linda S.} and K. Mu and H. Lohman and Cochran, {T. M.}",
year = "2007",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11019-007-9049-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "301--311",
journal = "Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy",
issn = "1386-7423",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Error and patient safety

T2 - Ethical analysis of cases in occupational and physical therapy practice

AU - Scheirton, Linda S.

AU - Mu, K.

AU - Lohman, H.

AU - Cochran, T. M.

PY - 2007/9/1

Y1 - 2007/9/1

N2 - Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these events have had moral dimensions that troubled the therapist involved. In this article, six of these transcribed cases are analyzed, using predominant bioethical theories, ethical principles and professional codes of ethics. The cases and their analyses are intended to be exemplary, improving the readers' ability to discern and critically address similar such events. Several patient safety strategies are suggested that might have prevented the events described in these cases.

AB - Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these events have had moral dimensions that troubled the therapist involved. In this article, six of these transcribed cases are analyzed, using predominant bioethical theories, ethical principles and professional codes of ethics. The cases and their analyses are intended to be exemplary, improving the readers' ability to discern and critically address similar such events. Several patient safety strategies are suggested that might have prevented the events described in these cases.

KW - Case studies

KW - Error

KW - Ethical analysis

KW - Ethics

KW - Occupational therapy

KW - Patient safety

KW - Physical therapy

KW - Rehabilitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34548306945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34548306945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11019-007-9049-3

DO - 10.1007/s11019-007-9049-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 17310308

AN - SCOPUS:34548306945

VL - 10

SP - 301

EP - 311

JO - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy

JF - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy

SN - 1386-7423

IS - 3

ER -