Enhanced visual acuity and image perception following correction of highly aberrated eyes using an adaptive optics visual simulator

Karolinne Maia Rocha, Laurent Vabre, Nicolas Chateau, Ronald R Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in visual acuity and visual perception generated by correcting higher order aberrations in highly aberrated eyes using a large-stroke adaptive optics visual simulator. METHODS: A crx1 Adaptive Optics Visual Simulator (Imagine Eyes) was used to correct and modify the wavefront aberrations in 12 keratoconic eyes and 8 symptomatic postoperative refractive surgery (LASIK) eyes. After measuring ocular aberrations, the device was programmed to compensate for the eye's wavefront error from the second order to the fifth order (6-mm pupil). Visual acuity was assessed through the adaptive optics system using computer-generated ETDRS optotypes and the Freiburg Visual Acuity and Contrast Test. RESULTS: Mean higher order aberration root-meansquare (RMS) errors in the keratoconus and symptomatic LASIK eyes were 1.88±0.99 μm and 1.62±0.79 μm (6-mm pupil), respectively. The visual simulator correction of the higher order aberrations present in the keratoconus eyes improved their visual acuity by a mean of 2 lines when compared to their best spherocylinder correction (mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction was 0.31±0.18 and improved to 0.44±0.23 with higher order aberration correction). In the symptomatic LASIK eyes, the mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction improved from 0.54±0.16 to 0.71±0.13 with higher order aberration correction. The visual perception of ETDRS letters was improved when correcting higher order aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: The adaptive optics visual simulator can effectively measure and compensate for higher order aberrations (second to fifth order), which are associated with diminished visual acuity and perception in highly aberrated eyes. The adaptive optics technology may be of clinical benefit when counseling patients with highly aberrated eyes regarding their maximum subjective potential for vision correction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

Visual Acuity
Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
Visual Perception
Keratoconus
Pupil
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Computer Systems
Counseling
Stroke
Technology
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Enhanced visual acuity and image perception following correction of highly aberrated eyes using an adaptive optics visual simulator. / Rocha, Karolinne Maia; Vabre, Laurent; Chateau, Nicolas; Krueger, Ronald R.

In: Journal of Refractive Surgery, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 52-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c2bdb1da65e844c2819ea4caf4df47a6,
title = "Enhanced visual acuity and image perception following correction of highly aberrated eyes using an adaptive optics visual simulator",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in visual acuity and visual perception generated by correcting higher order aberrations in highly aberrated eyes using a large-stroke adaptive optics visual simulator. METHODS: A crx1 Adaptive Optics Visual Simulator (Imagine Eyes) was used to correct and modify the wavefront aberrations in 12 keratoconic eyes and 8 symptomatic postoperative refractive surgery (LASIK) eyes. After measuring ocular aberrations, the device was programmed to compensate for the eye's wavefront error from the second order to the fifth order (6-mm pupil). Visual acuity was assessed through the adaptive optics system using computer-generated ETDRS optotypes and the Freiburg Visual Acuity and Contrast Test. RESULTS: Mean higher order aberration root-meansquare (RMS) errors in the keratoconus and symptomatic LASIK eyes were 1.88±0.99 μm and 1.62±0.79 μm (6-mm pupil), respectively. The visual simulator correction of the higher order aberrations present in the keratoconus eyes improved their visual acuity by a mean of 2 lines when compared to their best spherocylinder correction (mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction was 0.31±0.18 and improved to 0.44±0.23 with higher order aberration correction). In the symptomatic LASIK eyes, the mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction improved from 0.54±0.16 to 0.71±0.13 with higher order aberration correction. The visual perception of ETDRS letters was improved when correcting higher order aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: The adaptive optics visual simulator can effectively measure and compensate for higher order aberrations (second to fifth order), which are associated with diminished visual acuity and perception in highly aberrated eyes. The adaptive optics technology may be of clinical benefit when counseling patients with highly aberrated eyes regarding their maximum subjective potential for vision correction.",
author = "Rocha, {Karolinne Maia} and Laurent Vabre and Nicolas Chateau and Krueger, {Ronald R}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3928/1081597X-20101215-08",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "52--56",
journal = "Journal of Refractive Surgery",
issn = "0883-0444",
publisher = "Slack Incorporated",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhanced visual acuity and image perception following correction of highly aberrated eyes using an adaptive optics visual simulator

AU - Rocha, Karolinne Maia

AU - Vabre, Laurent

AU - Chateau, Nicolas

AU - Krueger, Ronald R

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in visual acuity and visual perception generated by correcting higher order aberrations in highly aberrated eyes using a large-stroke adaptive optics visual simulator. METHODS: A crx1 Adaptive Optics Visual Simulator (Imagine Eyes) was used to correct and modify the wavefront aberrations in 12 keratoconic eyes and 8 symptomatic postoperative refractive surgery (LASIK) eyes. After measuring ocular aberrations, the device was programmed to compensate for the eye's wavefront error from the second order to the fifth order (6-mm pupil). Visual acuity was assessed through the adaptive optics system using computer-generated ETDRS optotypes and the Freiburg Visual Acuity and Contrast Test. RESULTS: Mean higher order aberration root-meansquare (RMS) errors in the keratoconus and symptomatic LASIK eyes were 1.88±0.99 μm and 1.62±0.79 μm (6-mm pupil), respectively. The visual simulator correction of the higher order aberrations present in the keratoconus eyes improved their visual acuity by a mean of 2 lines when compared to their best spherocylinder correction (mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction was 0.31±0.18 and improved to 0.44±0.23 with higher order aberration correction). In the symptomatic LASIK eyes, the mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction improved from 0.54±0.16 to 0.71±0.13 with higher order aberration correction. The visual perception of ETDRS letters was improved when correcting higher order aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: The adaptive optics visual simulator can effectively measure and compensate for higher order aberrations (second to fifth order), which are associated with diminished visual acuity and perception in highly aberrated eyes. The adaptive optics technology may be of clinical benefit when counseling patients with highly aberrated eyes regarding their maximum subjective potential for vision correction.

AB - PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in visual acuity and visual perception generated by correcting higher order aberrations in highly aberrated eyes using a large-stroke adaptive optics visual simulator. METHODS: A crx1 Adaptive Optics Visual Simulator (Imagine Eyes) was used to correct and modify the wavefront aberrations in 12 keratoconic eyes and 8 symptomatic postoperative refractive surgery (LASIK) eyes. After measuring ocular aberrations, the device was programmed to compensate for the eye's wavefront error from the second order to the fifth order (6-mm pupil). Visual acuity was assessed through the adaptive optics system using computer-generated ETDRS optotypes and the Freiburg Visual Acuity and Contrast Test. RESULTS: Mean higher order aberration root-meansquare (RMS) errors in the keratoconus and symptomatic LASIK eyes were 1.88±0.99 μm and 1.62±0.79 μm (6-mm pupil), respectively. The visual simulator correction of the higher order aberrations present in the keratoconus eyes improved their visual acuity by a mean of 2 lines when compared to their best spherocylinder correction (mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction was 0.31±0.18 and improved to 0.44±0.23 with higher order aberration correction). In the symptomatic LASIK eyes, the mean decimal visual acuity with spherocylindrical correction improved from 0.54±0.16 to 0.71±0.13 with higher order aberration correction. The visual perception of ETDRS letters was improved when correcting higher order aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: The adaptive optics visual simulator can effectively measure and compensate for higher order aberrations (second to fifth order), which are associated with diminished visual acuity and perception in highly aberrated eyes. The adaptive optics technology may be of clinical benefit when counseling patients with highly aberrated eyes regarding their maximum subjective potential for vision correction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74949094101&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74949094101&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3928/1081597X-20101215-08

DO - 10.3928/1081597X-20101215-08

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 52

EP - 56

JO - Journal of Refractive Surgery

JF - Journal of Refractive Surgery

SN - 0883-0444

IS - 1

ER -