Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

S. H. Schack, P. W. Smith, R. G. Penn, J. M. Rapoport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is a gram-negative coccobacillus which is a very rare cause of bacterial endocarditis. Preexisting cardiac lesions are a main contributing factor, and antibiotic prophylaxis has long been felt necessary before dental or other manipulation to prevent endocarditis. Penicillin in combination with an aminoglycoside has been the most often used treatment regimen. We present a case of endocarditis caused by this organism which developed after antibiotic prophylaxis for dental cleaning. Streptomycin and rifampin therapy resulted in the cure of the infection. The treatment and epidemiology of Actinobacillus endocarditis are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-581
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

Fingerprint

Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
Endocarditis
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Tooth
Actinobacillus
Bacterial Endocarditis
Aminoglycosides
Streptomycin
Rifampin
Penicillins
Epidemiology
Therapeutics
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Schack, S. H., Smith, P. W., Penn, R. G., & Rapoport, J. M. (1984). Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Journal of clinical microbiology, 20(3), 579-581.

Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. / Schack, S. H.; Smith, P. W.; Penn, R. G.; Rapoport, J. M.

In: Journal of clinical microbiology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.01.1984, p. 579-581.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schack, SH, Smith, PW, Penn, RG & Rapoport, JM 1984, 'Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans', Journal of clinical microbiology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 579-581.
Schack SH, Smith PW, Penn RG, Rapoport JM. Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Journal of clinical microbiology. 1984 Jan 1;20(3):579-581.
Schack, S. H. ; Smith, P. W. ; Penn, R. G. ; Rapoport, J. M. / Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. In: Journal of clinical microbiology. 1984 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 579-581.
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