(Chemical Equation Presented) The use of NADH- and NADPH-dependent ketoreductases to access enantioenriched pharmaceutical building blocks is reported. Seven structurally diverse synthons are obtained, including those for atomoxetine (KRED 132), talampanel (RSt-ADH and CPADH), Dolastatin (KRED 132), and fluoxetine (KRED 108/132). Ethanol may be used as stoichiometric reductant, regenerating both nicotinamide cofactors, particularly under four-electron redox conditions. Its favorable thermodynamic and economic profile, coupled with its advantageous dual cosolvent role, suggests a new application for biomass-derived ethanol.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry