Empirically derived consequences

A data-based method for prescribing treatments for destructive behavior

Wayne W Fisher, Cathleen C Piazza, Lynn G. Bowman, Louis P. Hagopian, Nancy A. Langdon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Behavioral treatments are often prescribed on the basis of a functional assessment. However, in a significant number of cases, functional assessment results are equivocal or suggest that internal stimuli are maintaining the behavior. In this investigation, we evaluated an alternative data-based assessment that may be useful in such cases. This assessment was used to identify reinforcers and punishers based on the reinforcement assessment procedure described by Pace, Ivancic, Edwards, Iwata, and Page (1985). We then assessed whether empirically derived reinforcers and punishers could be combined to treat the destructive behaviors of two clients. For both clients, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that empirically derived consequences may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional assessment is inconclusive or is consistent with the hypothesis that the behavior is stereotypic and maintained by internal stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-149
Number of pages17
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Empirically derived consequences : A data-based method for prescribing treatments for destructive behavior. / Fisher, Wayne W; Piazza, Cathleen C; Bowman, Lynn G.; Hagopian, Louis P.; Langdon, Nancy A.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.01.1994, p. 133-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{59a2cda0e11a4449b69fcbe464617311,
title = "Empirically derived consequences: A data-based method for prescribing treatments for destructive behavior",
abstract = "Behavioral treatments are often prescribed on the basis of a functional assessment. However, in a significant number of cases, functional assessment results are equivocal or suggest that internal stimuli are maintaining the behavior. In this investigation, we evaluated an alternative data-based assessment that may be useful in such cases. This assessment was used to identify reinforcers and punishers based on the reinforcement assessment procedure described by Pace, Ivancic, Edwards, Iwata, and Page (1985). We then assessed whether empirically derived reinforcers and punishers could be combined to treat the destructive behaviors of two clients. For both clients, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that empirically derived consequences may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional assessment is inconclusive or is consistent with the hypothesis that the behavior is stereotypic and maintained by internal stimuli.",
author = "Fisher, {Wayne W} and Piazza, {Cathleen C} and Bowman, {Lynn G.} and Hagopian, {Louis P.} and Langdon, {Nancy A.}",
year = "1994",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0891-4222(94)90018-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "133--149",
journal = "Research in Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "0891-4222",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Empirically derived consequences

T2 - A data-based method for prescribing treatments for destructive behavior

AU - Fisher, Wayne W

AU - Piazza, Cathleen C

AU - Bowman, Lynn G.

AU - Hagopian, Louis P.

AU - Langdon, Nancy A.

PY - 1994/1/1

Y1 - 1994/1/1

N2 - Behavioral treatments are often prescribed on the basis of a functional assessment. However, in a significant number of cases, functional assessment results are equivocal or suggest that internal stimuli are maintaining the behavior. In this investigation, we evaluated an alternative data-based assessment that may be useful in such cases. This assessment was used to identify reinforcers and punishers based on the reinforcement assessment procedure described by Pace, Ivancic, Edwards, Iwata, and Page (1985). We then assessed whether empirically derived reinforcers and punishers could be combined to treat the destructive behaviors of two clients. For both clients, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that empirically derived consequences may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional assessment is inconclusive or is consistent with the hypothesis that the behavior is stereotypic and maintained by internal stimuli.

AB - Behavioral treatments are often prescribed on the basis of a functional assessment. However, in a significant number of cases, functional assessment results are equivocal or suggest that internal stimuli are maintaining the behavior. In this investigation, we evaluated an alternative data-based assessment that may be useful in such cases. This assessment was used to identify reinforcers and punishers based on the reinforcement assessment procedure described by Pace, Ivancic, Edwards, Iwata, and Page (1985). We then assessed whether empirically derived reinforcers and punishers could be combined to treat the destructive behaviors of two clients. For both clients, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that empirically derived consequences may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional assessment is inconclusive or is consistent with the hypothesis that the behavior is stereotypic and maintained by internal stimuli.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028342864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028342864&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0891-4222(94)90018-3

DO - 10.1016/0891-4222(94)90018-3

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 133

EP - 149

JO - Research in Developmental Disabilities

JF - Research in Developmental Disabilities

SN - 0891-4222

IS - 2

ER -