Emotional context processing in severe mental illness: Scale development and preliminary construct validity

Kee Hong Choi, Nancy Liu, Will Spaulding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

There is growing recognition that emotional context may play an important role in emotion perception and severe mental illness (SMI). Limited instruments directly assess and adequately account for emotional context processing. To measure this construct in schizophrenia research, this study aimed to develop and validate the Emotional Context Processing Scale (ECOS) using cartoon portrayals originally developed by Masuda et al. (2008). In Study 1, we piloted the measure with 99 college students and selected 20 cartoon portrayals (4 simple emotions only+16 simple emotions with contextual emotions). In Study 2, we confirmed the emotion-specificity and factor structure of the measure by administering it to 73 individuals with SMI. Item response theory (IRT) modeling confirmed a 4-factor structure of the ECOS, providing evidence that emotional context processing is specific to particular emotions. Internal consistency of the ECOS subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.83. In Study 3, we examined the convergent and divergent validity of the ECOS in a separate sample of 36 individuals with SMI. Even after controlling for facial affect perception, the ECOS is uniquely related to multi-modal emotion perception and executive functioning measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-91
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume199
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2012

Fingerprint

Emotions
Cartoons
Schizophrenia
Students
Research

Keywords

  • Emotional context
  • Item response theory
  • Scale development
  • Severe mental illness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Emotional context processing in severe mental illness : Scale development and preliminary construct validity. / Choi, Kee Hong; Liu, Nancy; Spaulding, Will.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 199, No. 2, 30.09.2012, p. 84-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e65fd9c6776b4e68b92e23e062e6826e,
title = "Emotional context processing in severe mental illness: Scale development and preliminary construct validity",
abstract = "There is growing recognition that emotional context may play an important role in emotion perception and severe mental illness (SMI). Limited instruments directly assess and adequately account for emotional context processing. To measure this construct in schizophrenia research, this study aimed to develop and validate the Emotional Context Processing Scale (ECOS) using cartoon portrayals originally developed by Masuda et al. (2008). In Study 1, we piloted the measure with 99 college students and selected 20 cartoon portrayals (4 simple emotions only+16 simple emotions with contextual emotions). In Study 2, we confirmed the emotion-specificity and factor structure of the measure by administering it to 73 individuals with SMI. Item response theory (IRT) modeling confirmed a 4-factor structure of the ECOS, providing evidence that emotional context processing is specific to particular emotions. Internal consistency of the ECOS subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.83. In Study 3, we examined the convergent and divergent validity of the ECOS in a separate sample of 36 individuals with SMI. Even after controlling for facial affect perception, the ECOS is uniquely related to multi-modal emotion perception and executive functioning measures.",
keywords = "Emotional context, Item response theory, Scale development, Severe mental illness",
author = "Choi, {Kee Hong} and Nancy Liu and Will Spaulding",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2012.04.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "199",
pages = "84--91",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotional context processing in severe mental illness

T2 - Scale development and preliminary construct validity

AU - Choi, Kee Hong

AU - Liu, Nancy

AU - Spaulding, Will

PY - 2012/9/30

Y1 - 2012/9/30

N2 - There is growing recognition that emotional context may play an important role in emotion perception and severe mental illness (SMI). Limited instruments directly assess and adequately account for emotional context processing. To measure this construct in schizophrenia research, this study aimed to develop and validate the Emotional Context Processing Scale (ECOS) using cartoon portrayals originally developed by Masuda et al. (2008). In Study 1, we piloted the measure with 99 college students and selected 20 cartoon portrayals (4 simple emotions only+16 simple emotions with contextual emotions). In Study 2, we confirmed the emotion-specificity and factor structure of the measure by administering it to 73 individuals with SMI. Item response theory (IRT) modeling confirmed a 4-factor structure of the ECOS, providing evidence that emotional context processing is specific to particular emotions. Internal consistency of the ECOS subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.83. In Study 3, we examined the convergent and divergent validity of the ECOS in a separate sample of 36 individuals with SMI. Even after controlling for facial affect perception, the ECOS is uniquely related to multi-modal emotion perception and executive functioning measures.

AB - There is growing recognition that emotional context may play an important role in emotion perception and severe mental illness (SMI). Limited instruments directly assess and adequately account for emotional context processing. To measure this construct in schizophrenia research, this study aimed to develop and validate the Emotional Context Processing Scale (ECOS) using cartoon portrayals originally developed by Masuda et al. (2008). In Study 1, we piloted the measure with 99 college students and selected 20 cartoon portrayals (4 simple emotions only+16 simple emotions with contextual emotions). In Study 2, we confirmed the emotion-specificity and factor structure of the measure by administering it to 73 individuals with SMI. Item response theory (IRT) modeling confirmed a 4-factor structure of the ECOS, providing evidence that emotional context processing is specific to particular emotions. Internal consistency of the ECOS subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.83. In Study 3, we examined the convergent and divergent validity of the ECOS in a separate sample of 36 individuals with SMI. Even after controlling for facial affect perception, the ECOS is uniquely related to multi-modal emotion perception and executive functioning measures.

KW - Emotional context

KW - Item response theory

KW - Scale development

KW - Severe mental illness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869177306&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869177306&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.04.014

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.04.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 22572159

AN - SCOPUS:84869177306

VL - 199

SP - 84

EP - 91

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 2

ER -