Emerging targeted therapies in non-small cell lung cancer

Nabin Khanal, Apar Kishor P Ganti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in United States, accounting for more than one-fourth of the deaths annually. Although comparatively rare and relatively less studied, genetic abnormalities other than epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements, and Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) mutations account for significant proportion of the driver mutations identified thus far. The targeted agents against B-rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma (BRAF) V600E mutation, MNNG-HOS transforming gene (MET) pathway, ROS1 rearrangement, rearranged during transfection (RET) rearrangement, and HER2 pathways offer promising therapeutic options. Recruiting patients with these rarer mutations to well-designed, large multicenter trials to further validate the use of targeted agents remains a challenge. The clinical data and ongoing trials with these agents are reviewed in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalExpert review of anticancer therapy
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • BRAF V600E
  • HER2 expression
  • MET pathway
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • ROS1 rearrangement
  • targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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