Electrospun Nanofibrous Materials as Stimuli-Responsive Polymerized Hydrogels

Kazi I. Jahan, Alexander Goponenko, Yuris Dzenis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive polymerized hydrogels represent a promising class of materials for biomedical and other applications such as muscle-type sensors/actuators due to substantial change in dimensions or shape in response to minute change in their environment, resemblance of soft biological tissues, ability to operate in wet environments, and chemical and physical tailorability. However, despite extensive fundamental research, slow response rate and poor mechanical robustness and durability of gels remain the major unresolved barriers for wider application of these materials. Nanostructured responsive polymer gels based on continuous electrospun nanofilaments are expected to have fast response and enhanced strength, modulus, and toughness, thus resolving both main current shortcomings. In this article, poly(vinyl alcohol)–poly(acrylic acid) and Dextran–poly(acrylic acid) pH-responsive nanofilamentary gels were prepared and compared to bulk gels. In addition to fast response rate, the nanofilamentary gels demonstrated unusual mechanical properties such as cross-over of load vs. length curves obtained at different pH and anisotropy of response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-127
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecular Symposia
Volume365
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Hydrogels
stimuli
Gels
gels
carbopol 940
acrylic acid
Acrylics
Acids
toughness
muscles
durability
Toughness
Muscle
Loads (forces)
Polymers
Durability
Anisotropy
alcohols
Alcohols
Actuators

Keywords

  • hydrogels
  • mechanical properties
  • nanofibers
  • nanotechnology
  • stimuli-sensitive polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Electrospun Nanofibrous Materials as Stimuli-Responsive Polymerized Hydrogels. / Jahan, Kazi I.; Goponenko, Alexander; Dzenis, Yuris.

In: Macromolecular Symposia, Vol. 365, No. 1, 01.07.2016, p. 118-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jahan, Kazi I. ; Goponenko, Alexander ; Dzenis, Yuris. / Electrospun Nanofibrous Materials as Stimuli-Responsive Polymerized Hydrogels. In: Macromolecular Symposia. 2016 ; Vol. 365, No. 1. pp. 118-127.
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