Electronic structures and Curie temperatures of iron-based rare-earth permanent-magnet compounds

J. P. Woods, B. M. Patterson, A. S. Fernando, S. S. Jaswal, D. Welipitiya, D. J. Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The modification of the electronic structures of Sm2Fe17-xAlxNy, NdFe11TiNy, and YFe12-xMox upon alloying and nitriding are examined with self-consistent spin-polarized calculations and soft-x-ray photoemission measurements between 18 and 135 eV. The changes in the Curie temperature Tc with substitutional modifications and nitrogen addition are modeled with self-consistent spin-polarized electronic structure calculations and the spin-fluctuation theory of Mohn and Wohlfarth which relates the electronic structure to Tc. The calculations show that the spin-summed density of states at the Fermi energy is related to Tc. The photoemission spectra are dominated by the Fe 3d electrons within 3 eV of the Fermi energy in agreement with calculations. Changes in the density of states at the Fermi energy for interstitial and and substitutional modification compare well with calculations. Using photoemission results with experimental magnetic moments for the substitutional modification of the compound Sm2Fe17-xAlx, the spin-fluctuation theory predicts a change in Tc in agreement with the measured change in Tc. Spin-resolved photoemission spectra for c-axis oriented Sm2Fe17N2.6 with magnetization perpendicular to the surface are presented and compared to theoretical calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1064-1072
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Curie temperature
permanent magnets
Rare earths
Permanent magnets
Electronic structure
rare earth elements
Iron
Photoemission
electronic structure
iron
photoelectric emission
Fermi level
Spin fluctuations
fluctuation theory
temperature
nitriding
Nitriding
Magnetic moments
Alloying
alloying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Electronic structures and Curie temperatures of iron-based rare-earth permanent-magnet compounds. / Woods, J. P.; Patterson, B. M.; Fernando, A. S.; Jaswal, S. S.; Welipitiya, D.; Sellmyer, D. J.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 51, No. 2, 01.01.1995, p. 1064-1072.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woods, J. P. ; Patterson, B. M. ; Fernando, A. S. ; Jaswal, S. S. ; Welipitiya, D. ; Sellmyer, D. J. / Electronic structures and Curie temperatures of iron-based rare-earth permanent-magnet compounds. In: Physical Review B. 1995 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 1064-1072.
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