EglN2 associates with the NRF1-PGC1α complex and controls mitochondrial function in breast cancer

Jing Zhang, Chengyang Wang, Xi Chen, Mamoru Takada, Cheng Fan, Xingnan Zheng, Haitao Wen, Yong Liu, Chenguang Wang, Richard G. Pestell, Katherine M. Aird, William G. Kaelin, Xiaole Shirley Liu, Qing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The EglN2/PHD1 prolyl hydroxylase is an important oxygen sensor contributing to breast tumorigenesis. Emerging studies suggest that there is functional cross talk between oxygen sensing and mitochondrial function, both of which play an essential role for sustained tumor growth. However, the potential link between EglN2 and mitochondrial function remains largely undefined. Here, we show that EglN2 depletion decreases mitochondrial respiration in breast cancer under normoxia and hypoxia, which correlates with decreased mitochondrial DNA in a HIF1/2α-independent manner. Integrative analyses of gene expression profile and genomewide binding of EglN2 under hypoxic conditions reveal nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) motif enrichment in EglN2-activated genes, suggesting NRF1 as an EglN2 binding partner. Mechanistically, by forming an activator complex with PGC1α and NRF1 on chromatin, EglN2 promotes the transcription of ferridoxin reductase (FDXR) and maintains mitochondrial function. In addition, FDXR, as one of effectors for EglN2, contributes to breast tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. Our findings suggest that EglN2 regulates mitochondrial function in ERα-positive breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2953-2970
Number of pages18
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume34
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2015

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Keywords

  • EglN2
  • NRF1
  • hypoxia
  • mitochondria
  • tumorigenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Zhang, J., Wang, C., Chen, X., Takada, M., Fan, C., Zheng, X., Wen, H., Liu, Y., Wang, C., Pestell, R. G., Aird, K. M., Kaelin, W. G., Liu, X. S., & Zhang, Q. (2015). EglN2 associates with the NRF1-PGC1α complex and controls mitochondrial function in breast cancer. EMBO Journal, 34(23), 2953-2970. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.201591437