Efficient Prestressed Concrete-Steel Composite Girder for Medium-Span Bridges. I: System Description and Design

Yaohua Deng, George Morcous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


A new prestressed concrete-steel composite (PCSC) girder system is developed to provide a viable alternative for steel and prestressed concrete I-girders in bridges. The PCSC girder is composed of a lightweight W-shaped steel section with shear studs on its top and bottom flanges to achieve composite action with the pretensioned concrete bottom flange and the cast-in-place concrete deck. The PCSC girder is lightweight, economical, durable, and easy to fabricate. The proposed fabrication procedure is similar to those of prestressed concrete girders and does not need specialized equipment, materials, and forms. A service design procedure is proposed using the age-adjusted elasticity modulus method to evaluate the time-dependent stresses and strains in the PCSC girder caused by creep and shrinkage effects of concrete and relaxation of strands. The strength design method is proposed for the design of PCSC girders at prestress release. A design procedure is proposed to assist engineers to accomplish economic design and production of PCSC girders, and design examples are presented to illustrate the design procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1347-1357
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bridge Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013



  • Bridges
  • Composite girders
  • Design
  • Prestressed concrete
  • Steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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