Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction

Christine S. Booth, Elsje Pienaar, Joel R. Termaat, Scott E. Whitney, Tobias M. Louw, Hendrik J Viljoen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has found wide application in biochemistry and molecular biology such as gene expression studies, mutation detection, forensic analysis and pathogen detection. Increasingly, quantitative real time PCR is used to assess copy numbers from overall yield. In this study the yield is analyzed as a function of several processes: (1) thermal damage of the template and polymerase occurring during the denaturing step, (2) competition existing between primers and templates to either anneal or form dsDNA, (3) polymerase binding to annealed products (primer/ssDNA) to form ternary complexes and (4) extension of ternary complexes. Explicit expressions are provided for the efficiency of each process, therefore reaction conditions can be directly linked to the overall yield. Examples are provided where different processes play the yield-limiting role. The analysis will give researchers a unique understanding of the factors that control the reaction and will aid in the interpretation of experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4996-5006
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume65
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Fingerprint

Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymerase chain reaction
Ternary
Biochemistry
Molecular biology
Template
Pathogens
Gene expression
Molecular Biology
Gene Expression
Mutation
Damage
Limiting
Experimental Results
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Biological and biomolecular engineering
  • Enzyme
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Molecular biology
  • PCR efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Booth, C. S., Pienaar, E., Termaat, J. R., Whitney, S. E., Louw, T. M., & Viljoen, H. J. (2010). Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction. Chemical Engineering Science, 65(17), 4996-5006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2010.05.046

Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction. / Booth, Christine S.; Pienaar, Elsje; Termaat, Joel R.; Whitney, Scott E.; Louw, Tobias M.; Viljoen, Hendrik J.

In: Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 65, No. 17, 01.09.2010, p. 4996-5006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Booth, CS, Pienaar, E, Termaat, JR, Whitney, SE, Louw, TM & Viljoen, HJ 2010, 'Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction', Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 65, no. 17, pp. 4996-5006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2010.05.046
Booth CS, Pienaar E, Termaat JR, Whitney SE, Louw TM, Viljoen HJ. Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction. Chemical Engineering Science. 2010 Sep 1;65(17):4996-5006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2010.05.046
Booth, Christine S. ; Pienaar, Elsje ; Termaat, Joel R. ; Whitney, Scott E. ; Louw, Tobias M. ; Viljoen, Hendrik J. / Efficiency of the polymerase chain reaction. In: Chemical Engineering Science. 2010 ; Vol. 65, No. 17. pp. 4996-5006.
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