Effects of wheat kernel germination time and drying temperature on compositional and end-use properties of the resulting whole wheat flour

Rachana Poudel, Sean Finnie, Devin J. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The compositional [phytic acid, thiamine, lysine, asparagine, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)] and dough mixing properties, including dough strength and mixing time, and lipolytic activities, including lipase, esterase, and lipoxygenase, were quantified in whole wheat flour obtained from wheat kernels that had been germinated for 24 h, 48 h, or 72 h and dried at either 40 °C or 60 °C. The phytic acid, thiamine, and dough strength of whole grain flour from germinated wheat decreased, whereas lysine, asparagine, GABA, lipase, esterase, and lipoxygenase activities increased compared with flour from ungerminated wheat. Mixing time was not affected by germination time. A small but significant effect of drying temperature was observed for asparagine, GABA, dough strength, and lipase and esterase activities. Drying temperature did not show any differences when the grains were germinated for up to 48 h. Whole grain flour from germinated wheat was added to ungerminated whole wheat flour at 2, 5, and 10% (flour basis). Doughs and breads made from these composite flours had improved mixing properties, loaf volume, and firmness, except at the highest proportions and from longer germination times. This study may provide important information to the food industry when formulating germinated, grain-based products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Fingerprint

whole wheat flour
drying temperature
Flour
Germination
dough
Triticum
Asparagine
Drying
Esterases
Lipase
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
germination
gamma-aminobutyric acid
asparagine
Phytic Acid
wheat
Temperature
Lipoxygenase
esterases
Thiamine

Keywords

  • Asparagine
  • Enzyme activity
  • Mixing properties
  • Triticum aestivum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Effects of wheat kernel germination time and drying temperature on compositional and end-use properties of the resulting whole wheat flour",
abstract = "The compositional [phytic acid, thiamine, lysine, asparagine, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)] and dough mixing properties, including dough strength and mixing time, and lipolytic activities, including lipase, esterase, and lipoxygenase, were quantified in whole wheat flour obtained from wheat kernels that had been germinated for 24 h, 48 h, or 72 h and dried at either 40 °C or 60 °C. The phytic acid, thiamine, and dough strength of whole grain flour from germinated wheat decreased, whereas lysine, asparagine, GABA, lipase, esterase, and lipoxygenase activities increased compared with flour from ungerminated wheat. Mixing time was not affected by germination time. A small but significant effect of drying temperature was observed for asparagine, GABA, dough strength, and lipase and esterase activities. Drying temperature did not show any differences when the grains were germinated for up to 48 h. Whole grain flour from germinated wheat was added to ungerminated whole wheat flour at 2, 5, and 10{\%} (flour basis). Doughs and breads made from these composite flours had improved mixing properties, loaf volume, and firmness, except at the highest proportions and from longer germination times. This study may provide important information to the food industry when formulating germinated, grain-based products.",
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