Effects of Velocity on Electromyographic, Mechanomyographic, and Torque Responses to Repeated Eccentric Muscle Actions

Ethan C. Hill, Terry J. Housh, Clayton L. Camic, Cory M. Smith, Kristen C. Cochrane, Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins, Joel T. Cramer, Richard J. Schmidt, Glen O. Johnson

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hill, EC, Housh, TJ, Camic, CL, Smith, CM, Cochrane, KC, Jenkins, NDM, Cramer, JT, Schmidt, RJ, and Johnson, GO. Effects of velocity on electromyographic, mechanomyographic, and torque responses to repeated eccentric muscle actions. J Strength Cond Res 30(6): 1743-1751, 2016 - The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of the velocity of repeated eccentric muscle actions on the torque and neuromuscular responses during maximal isometric and eccentric muscle actions. Twelve resistance-trained men performed 30 repeated, maximal, eccentric, isokinetic muscle actions at randomly ordered velocities of 60, 120, or 180°·s -1 on separate days. Maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) were performed before (pretest) and after (posttest) the repeated eccentric muscle actions on each day. Eccentric isokinetic peak torque (EIPT) values were the averages of the first 3 and last 3 repetitions of the 30 repeated eccentric muscle actions. During the EIPT and MVIC muscle actions, electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude (EMG AMP and MMG AMP) and mean power frequency (EMG MPF and MMG MPF) values were assessed. These results indicated that the repeated eccentric muscle actions had no effects on EIPT, or the EMG AMP, EMG MPF, or MMG MPF values assessed during the EIPT muscle actions, but decreased MMG AMP. The repeated eccentric muscle actions, however, decreased MVIC torque, and also the EMG AMP and MMG MPF values assessed during the MVIC muscle actions, but increased MMG AMP. The results indicated that the velocity of the repeated eccentric muscle actions affected the MVIC torque responses, but not EIPT or any of the neuromuscular parameters. Furthermore, there are differences in the torque and neuromuscular responses for isometric vs. eccentric muscle actions after repeated eccentric muscle actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1743-1751
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

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Keywords

  • EMG
  • MMG
  • isokinetic
  • motor control
  • muscle damage
  • muscle fatigue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Hill, E. C., Housh, T. J., Camic, C. L., Smith, C. M., Cochrane, K. C., Jenkins, N. D. M., ... Johnson, G. O. (2016). Effects of Velocity on Electromyographic, Mechanomyographic, and Torque Responses to Repeated Eccentric Muscle Actions. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(6), 1743-1751. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001266