Whole grain oat flour was extruded under different moisture contents (15%, 18%, 21%), barrel temperatures (100 °C, 130 °C), and screw speeds (160 rpm, 300 rpm, 450 rpm), and selected physicochemical properties, in vitro starch digestibility, and β-glucan extractability of the extrudates were analyzed. An increase in screw speed resulted in an increase in radial expansion index, water absorption index, and water solubility index. Screw speed significantly affected slowly and rapidly digestible starch. Moderate screw speed (300 rpm) led to higher slowly digestible starch with an accompanying decrease in rapidly digestible starch. Low moisture conditions (15%) resulted in the highest resistant starch and water-extractable β-glucan. Under the conditions used in this study, extrusion did not result in changes in water-extractable β-glucan molecular weight. Thus, extrusion might be beneficial in improving functionality and consumer acceptability by affecting physicochemical properties, in vitro starch digestibility, and β-glucan extractability of oat extrudates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science