Effects of isolated zinc deficiency on the composition of skeletal muscle, liver and bone during growth in rats

J. H.Y. Park, C. J. Grandjean, D. L. Antonson, J. A. Vanderhoof

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We investigated the effects of zinc deficiency on body composition by using intragastric force-feeding to obviate decreased food intake and altered eating patterns. Weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a purified zinc-deficient diet: the ad libitum-fed control group (AL; eight rats) was given powdered diet and water containing 25 ppm zinc; the zinc-replete group (ZN; nine rats) was force-fed a diet blended with water containing zinc in an amount of equal caloric intake to the AL group and allowed access to water containing zinc. The zinc intake of ZN rats was approximately twice that of AL rats based on water intake. The zinc-deficient group (ZD; 13 rats) was fed similarly to the ZN group except deionized water was used for diet preparation and drinking water. After 8 d, body and muscle weight were lower in the ZD group than in the ZN group. Femur weights were similar in the two groups. Serum, liver and femur zinc concentrations were 85, 22 and 42% lower, respectively, in the ZD group than in the ZN group. Serum glucose, relative liver weight, liver glycogen and liver lipids were higher, but muscle and liver DNA were lower in the ZD group than in control groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)610-617
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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