Effects of hyporheic processes on streambed vertical hydraulic conductivity in three rivers of Nebraska

Jinxi Song, Xunhong Chen, Cheng Cheng, Scott Summerside, Fujiang Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Streambed hydraulic conductivity is of great importance in the analysis of stream-aquifer interactions and stream ecosystems. We investigated streambed vertical hydraulic conductivity (Kv) with two connected depths in three rivers of Nebraska. Our results demonstrated that streambed Kv in the upper sediment layer was much higher than that in the sediment of the lower layer. We speculate that hyporheic processes can result in larger streambed Kv in the upper layer. Specifically, water exchange through upwelling and downwelling zones can lead to bigger pore spaces and a more unconsolidated structure of sediments in the upper layer. The upward movement of gas produced by redox processes can loosen the sediments and further enlarge pore spaces in the upper layers. Also, permeability can increase as a result of expanded pore spaces caused by invertebrate activities in the upper part of streambed. The higher Kv will likely enhance exchange processes between stream and sediments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL07409
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2007

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hydraulics
rivers
hydraulic conductivity
sediments
conductivity
pore space
river
sediment
porosity
invertebrates
aquifers
upwelling water
ecosystems
downwelling
water exchange
permeability
upwelling
invertebrate
effect
aquifer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Effects of hyporheic processes on streambed vertical hydraulic conductivity in three rivers of Nebraska. / Song, Jinxi; Chen, Xunhong; Cheng, Cheng; Summerside, Scott; Wen, Fujiang.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, No. 7, L07409, 16.04.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Song, Jinxi ; Chen, Xunhong ; Cheng, Cheng ; Summerside, Scott ; Wen, Fujiang. / Effects of hyporheic processes on streambed vertical hydraulic conductivity in three rivers of Nebraska. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2007 ; Vol. 34, No. 7.
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