Effects of femtosecond laser surface processed nanoparticle layers on pool boiling heat transfer performance

Corey Kruse, Mike Lucis, Jeff E. Shield, Troy Anderson, Craig Zuhlke, Dennis Alexander, George Gogos, Sidy Ndao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experimental investigation of the effects of layers of nanoparticles formed during femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) on pool boiling heat transfer performance has been conducted. Five different stainless steel 304 samples with slightly different surface features were fabricated through FLSP, and pool boiling heat transfer experiments were carried out to study the heat transfer characteristics of each surface. The experiments showed that the layer(s) of nanoparticles developed during the FLSP processes, which overlay FLSP self-organized microstructures, can either improve or degrade boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTC) depending on the overall thickness of the layer(s). This nanoparticle layer thickness is an indirect result of the type of microstructure created. The HTCs were found to decrease with increasing nanoparticle layer thickness. This trend has been attributed to added thermal resistance. Using a focused ion beam milling process and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the physical and chemical properties of the nanoparticle layers were characterized and used to explain the observed heat transfer results. Results suggest that there is an optimal nanoparticle layer thickness and material composition such that both the HTCs and critical heat flux (CHF) are enhanced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031009
JournalJournal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

Ultrashort pulses
boiling
Boiling liquids
heat transfer
Nanoparticles
Heat transfer
nanoparticles
lasers
Processing
Microstructure
Focused ion beams
Stainless Steel
microstructure
Heat resistance
Heat transfer coefficients
Chemical properties
thermal resistance
Heat flux
heat transfer coefficients
chemical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Effects of femtosecond laser surface processed nanoparticle layers on pool boiling heat transfer performance. / Kruse, Corey; Lucis, Mike; Shield, Jeff E.; Anderson, Troy; Zuhlke, Craig; Alexander, Dennis; Gogos, George; Ndao, Sidy.

In: Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 10, No. 3, 031009, 01.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{51614934b8e147d1b4eeacebe51684dc,
title = "Effects of femtosecond laser surface processed nanoparticle layers on pool boiling heat transfer performance",
abstract = "An experimental investigation of the effects of layers of nanoparticles formed during femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) on pool boiling heat transfer performance has been conducted. Five different stainless steel 304 samples with slightly different surface features were fabricated through FLSP, and pool boiling heat transfer experiments were carried out to study the heat transfer characteristics of each surface. The experiments showed that the layer(s) of nanoparticles developed during the FLSP processes, which overlay FLSP self-organized microstructures, can either improve or degrade boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTC) depending on the overall thickness of the layer(s). This nanoparticle layer thickness is an indirect result of the type of microstructure created. The HTCs were found to decrease with increasing nanoparticle layer thickness. This trend has been attributed to added thermal resistance. Using a focused ion beam milling process and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the physical and chemical properties of the nanoparticle layers were characterized and used to explain the observed heat transfer results. Results suggest that there is an optimal nanoparticle layer thickness and material composition such that both the HTCs and critical heat flux (CHF) are enhanced.",
author = "Corey Kruse and Mike Lucis and Shield, {Jeff E.} and Troy Anderson and Craig Zuhlke and Dennis Alexander and George Gogos and Sidy Ndao",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1115/1.4038763",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications",
issn = "1948-5085",
publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of femtosecond laser surface processed nanoparticle layers on pool boiling heat transfer performance

AU - Kruse, Corey

AU - Lucis, Mike

AU - Shield, Jeff E.

AU - Anderson, Troy

AU - Zuhlke, Craig

AU - Alexander, Dennis

AU - Gogos, George

AU - Ndao, Sidy

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - An experimental investigation of the effects of layers of nanoparticles formed during femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) on pool boiling heat transfer performance has been conducted. Five different stainless steel 304 samples with slightly different surface features were fabricated through FLSP, and pool boiling heat transfer experiments were carried out to study the heat transfer characteristics of each surface. The experiments showed that the layer(s) of nanoparticles developed during the FLSP processes, which overlay FLSP self-organized microstructures, can either improve or degrade boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTC) depending on the overall thickness of the layer(s). This nanoparticle layer thickness is an indirect result of the type of microstructure created. The HTCs were found to decrease with increasing nanoparticle layer thickness. This trend has been attributed to added thermal resistance. Using a focused ion beam milling process and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the physical and chemical properties of the nanoparticle layers were characterized and used to explain the observed heat transfer results. Results suggest that there is an optimal nanoparticle layer thickness and material composition such that both the HTCs and critical heat flux (CHF) are enhanced.

AB - An experimental investigation of the effects of layers of nanoparticles formed during femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) on pool boiling heat transfer performance has been conducted. Five different stainless steel 304 samples with slightly different surface features were fabricated through FLSP, and pool boiling heat transfer experiments were carried out to study the heat transfer characteristics of each surface. The experiments showed that the layer(s) of nanoparticles developed during the FLSP processes, which overlay FLSP self-organized microstructures, can either improve or degrade boiling heat transfer coefficients (HTC) depending on the overall thickness of the layer(s). This nanoparticle layer thickness is an indirect result of the type of microstructure created. The HTCs were found to decrease with increasing nanoparticle layer thickness. This trend has been attributed to added thermal resistance. Using a focused ion beam milling process and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the physical and chemical properties of the nanoparticle layers were characterized and used to explain the observed heat transfer results. Results suggest that there is an optimal nanoparticle layer thickness and material composition such that both the HTCs and critical heat flux (CHF) are enhanced.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044958442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044958442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/1.4038763

DO - 10.1115/1.4038763

M3 - Article

C2 - 30416675

AN - SCOPUS:85044958442

VL - 10

JO - Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications

JF - Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications

SN - 1948-5085

IS - 3

M1 - 031009

ER -