Effects of dynamic stretching on strength, muscle imbalance, and muscle activation

Pablo B. Costa, Trent J. Herda, Ashley A. Herda, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the acute effects of dynamic stretching on concentric leg extensor and flexor peak torque, eccentric leg flexor peak torque, and the conventional and functional hamstring-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios. Methods: Twenty-one women (mean ± SD age = 20.6 ± 2.0 yr, body mass = 64.5 ± 9.3 kg, height = 164.7 ± 6.5 cm) performed maximal voluntary isokinetic leg extension, flexion, and eccentric hamstring muscle actions at the angular velocities of 60 ·s and 180 ·s before and after a bout of dynamic hamstring and quadriceps stretching as well as a control condition. Results: Leg flexion peak torque decreased under both control (mean ± SE for 60 ·s = 75.8 ± 4.0 to 72.4 ± 3.7 N·m, 180 ·s = 62.1 ± 3.2 to 59.1 ± 3.1 N·m) and stretching (60 ·s = 73.1 ± 3.9 to 65.8 ± 3.3 N·m, 180 ·s = 61.2 ± 3.3 to 54.7 ± 2.6 N·m) conditions, whereas eccentric hamstring peak torque decreased only after the stretching (60 ·s = 87.3 ± 5.1 to 73.3 ± 3.6 N·m, 180 ·s = 89.2 ± 4.4 to 77.0 ± 3.4 N·m) intervention (P ≤ 0.05). Stretching also caused a decrease in conventional H:Q (60 ·s = 0.58 ± 0.02 to 0.54 ± 0.02, 180 ·s = 0.67 ± 0.02 to 0.61 ± 0.03) and functional H:Q ratios (60 ·s = 0.69 ± 0.03 to 0.60 ± 0.03, 180 ·s = 1.00 ± 0.06 to 0.60 ± 0.03) (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Because dynamic stretching reduced concentric and eccentric hamstring strength as well as the conventional and functional H:Q ratios, fitness and allied-health professionals may need to be cautious when recommending dynamic rather than static stretching to maintain muscle force.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-593
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

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Muscle Stretching Exercises
Torque
Muscle Strength
Leg
Muscles
Allied Health Personnel

Keywords

  • INJURY RISK
  • ISOKINETIC
  • KNEE INJURY
  • MUSCLE INJURY
  • MUSCLE STRAIN
  • MUSCLE STRENGTH
  • STRETCHING INDUCED

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Effects of dynamic stretching on strength, muscle imbalance, and muscle activation. / Costa, Pablo B.; Herda, Trent J.; Herda, Ashley A.; Cramer, Joel T.

In: Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Vol. 46, No. 3, 01.03.2014, p. 586-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Costa, Pablo B. ; Herda, Trent J. ; Herda, Ashley A. ; Cramer, Joel T. / Effects of dynamic stretching on strength, muscle imbalance, and muscle activation. In: Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2014 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 586-593.
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abstract = "Purpose: This study aimed to examine the acute effects of dynamic stretching on concentric leg extensor and flexor peak torque, eccentric leg flexor peak torque, and the conventional and functional hamstring-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios. Methods: Twenty-one women (mean ± SD age = 20.6 ± 2.0 yr, body mass = 64.5 ± 9.3 kg, height = 164.7 ± 6.5 cm) performed maximal voluntary isokinetic leg extension, flexion, and eccentric hamstring muscle actions at the angular velocities of 60 ·s and 180 ·s before and after a bout of dynamic hamstring and quadriceps stretching as well as a control condition. Results: Leg flexion peak torque decreased under both control (mean ± SE for 60 ·s = 75.8 ± 4.0 to 72.4 ± 3.7 N·m, 180 ·s = 62.1 ± 3.2 to 59.1 ± 3.1 N·m) and stretching (60 ·s = 73.1 ± 3.9 to 65.8 ± 3.3 N·m, 180 ·s = 61.2 ± 3.3 to 54.7 ± 2.6 N·m) conditions, whereas eccentric hamstring peak torque decreased only after the stretching (60 ·s = 87.3 ± 5.1 to 73.3 ± 3.6 N·m, 180 ·s = 89.2 ± 4.4 to 77.0 ± 3.4 N·m) intervention (P ≤ 0.05). Stretching also caused a decrease in conventional H:Q (60 ·s = 0.58 ± 0.02 to 0.54 ± 0.02, 180 ·s = 0.67 ± 0.02 to 0.61 ± 0.03) and functional H:Q ratios (60 ·s = 0.69 ± 0.03 to 0.60 ± 0.03, 180 ·s = 1.00 ± 0.06 to 0.60 ± 0.03) (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Because dynamic stretching reduced concentric and eccentric hamstring strength as well as the conventional and functional H:Q ratios, fitness and allied-health professionals may need to be cautious when recommending dynamic rather than static stretching to maintain muscle force.",
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AU - Herda, Trent J.

AU - Herda, Ashley A.

AU - Cramer, Joel T.

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N2 - Purpose: This study aimed to examine the acute effects of dynamic stretching on concentric leg extensor and flexor peak torque, eccentric leg flexor peak torque, and the conventional and functional hamstring-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios. Methods: Twenty-one women (mean ± SD age = 20.6 ± 2.0 yr, body mass = 64.5 ± 9.3 kg, height = 164.7 ± 6.5 cm) performed maximal voluntary isokinetic leg extension, flexion, and eccentric hamstring muscle actions at the angular velocities of 60 ·s and 180 ·s before and after a bout of dynamic hamstring and quadriceps stretching as well as a control condition. Results: Leg flexion peak torque decreased under both control (mean ± SE for 60 ·s = 75.8 ± 4.0 to 72.4 ± 3.7 N·m, 180 ·s = 62.1 ± 3.2 to 59.1 ± 3.1 N·m) and stretching (60 ·s = 73.1 ± 3.9 to 65.8 ± 3.3 N·m, 180 ·s = 61.2 ± 3.3 to 54.7 ± 2.6 N·m) conditions, whereas eccentric hamstring peak torque decreased only after the stretching (60 ·s = 87.3 ± 5.1 to 73.3 ± 3.6 N·m, 180 ·s = 89.2 ± 4.4 to 77.0 ± 3.4 N·m) intervention (P ≤ 0.05). Stretching also caused a decrease in conventional H:Q (60 ·s = 0.58 ± 0.02 to 0.54 ± 0.02, 180 ·s = 0.67 ± 0.02 to 0.61 ± 0.03) and functional H:Q ratios (60 ·s = 0.69 ± 0.03 to 0.60 ± 0.03, 180 ·s = 1.00 ± 0.06 to 0.60 ± 0.03) (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Because dynamic stretching reduced concentric and eccentric hamstring strength as well as the conventional and functional H:Q ratios, fitness and allied-health professionals may need to be cautious when recommending dynamic rather than static stretching to maintain muscle force.

AB - Purpose: This study aimed to examine the acute effects of dynamic stretching on concentric leg extensor and flexor peak torque, eccentric leg flexor peak torque, and the conventional and functional hamstring-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios. Methods: Twenty-one women (mean ± SD age = 20.6 ± 2.0 yr, body mass = 64.5 ± 9.3 kg, height = 164.7 ± 6.5 cm) performed maximal voluntary isokinetic leg extension, flexion, and eccentric hamstring muscle actions at the angular velocities of 60 ·s and 180 ·s before and after a bout of dynamic hamstring and quadriceps stretching as well as a control condition. Results: Leg flexion peak torque decreased under both control (mean ± SE for 60 ·s = 75.8 ± 4.0 to 72.4 ± 3.7 N·m, 180 ·s = 62.1 ± 3.2 to 59.1 ± 3.1 N·m) and stretching (60 ·s = 73.1 ± 3.9 to 65.8 ± 3.3 N·m, 180 ·s = 61.2 ± 3.3 to 54.7 ± 2.6 N·m) conditions, whereas eccentric hamstring peak torque decreased only after the stretching (60 ·s = 87.3 ± 5.1 to 73.3 ± 3.6 N·m, 180 ·s = 89.2 ± 4.4 to 77.0 ± 3.4 N·m) intervention (P ≤ 0.05). Stretching also caused a decrease in conventional H:Q (60 ·s = 0.58 ± 0.02 to 0.54 ± 0.02, 180 ·s = 0.67 ± 0.02 to 0.61 ± 0.03) and functional H:Q ratios (60 ·s = 0.69 ± 0.03 to 0.60 ± 0.03, 180 ·s = 1.00 ± 0.06 to 0.60 ± 0.03) (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Because dynamic stretching reduced concentric and eccentric hamstring strength as well as the conventional and functional H:Q ratios, fitness and allied-health professionals may need to be cautious when recommending dynamic rather than static stretching to maintain muscle force.

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KW - ISOKINETIC

KW - KNEE INJURY

KW - MUSCLE INJURY

KW - MUSCLE STRAIN

KW - MUSCLE STRENGTH

KW - STRETCHING INDUCED

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