Effects of dissolved oxygen on formation of corrosion products and concomitant oxygen and nitrate reduction in zero-valent iron systems with or without aqueous Fe2+

Yong H. Huang, Tian C. Zhang

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Batch tests were conducted in zero-valent iron (ZVI or Fe0) systems to investigate oxygen consumption and the effect of dissolved oxygen (DO) on formation of iron corrosion products, nitrate reduction, the reactivity of Fe0, the role Fe2+ (aq) played, and the fate of Fe 2+. The study indicates that without augmenting Fe2+ (aq), neither nitrate nor DO could be removed efficiently by Fe0. In the presence of Fe2+ (aq), nitrate and DO could be reduced concomitantly with limited interference with each other. Unlike nitrate reduction, DO removal by Fe0 did not consume Fe2+ (aq). A two-layer structure, with an inner layer of magnetite and an outer layer of lepidocrocite, may be formed in the presence of DO. When DO depleted, the outer lepidocrocite layer was transformed to magnetite. The inner layer of magnetite, even in a substantial thickness, might not impede the Fe0 reactivity as much as the thin interfacial layer between the oxide coating and liquid. Surface-bound Fe2+ may greatly enhance the electron transfer from the Fe 0 core to the solid-liquid interface, and thus improve the performance of the Fe0 process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1751-1760
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 2005



  • Fe
  • Iron oxides
  • Lepidocrocite
  • Magnetite
  • Nitrate
  • Oxygen
  • Zero-valent iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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