Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.

Allen Karsina, Rachel H. Thompson, Nicole M. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of a history of differential reinforcement for selecting a free-choice versus a restricted-choice stimulus arrangement on the subsequent responding of 7 undergraduates in a computer-based game of chance were examined using a concurrent-chains arrangement and a multiple-baseline-across-participants design. In the free-choice arrangement, participants selected three numbers, in any order, from an array of eight numbers presented on the computer screen. In the restricted-choice arrangement, participants selected the order of three numbers preselected from the array of eight by a computer program. In initial sessions, all participants demonstrated no consistent preference or preference for restricted choice. Differential reinforcement of free-choice selections resulted in increased preference for free choice immediately and in subsequent sessions in the absence of programmed differential outcomes. For 5 participants, changes in preference for choice were both robust and lasting, suggesting that a history of differential reinforcement for choice may affect preference for choice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-202
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the experimental analysis of behavior
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Video Games
Software

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice. / Karsina, Allen; Thompson, Rachel H.; Rodriguez, Nicole M.

In: Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior, Vol. 95, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 189-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{006b751a3e314ce2bd7bed89f58859ef,
title = "Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.",
abstract = "The effects of a history of differential reinforcement for selecting a free-choice versus a restricted-choice stimulus arrangement on the subsequent responding of 7 undergraduates in a computer-based game of chance were examined using a concurrent-chains arrangement and a multiple-baseline-across-participants design. In the free-choice arrangement, participants selected three numbers, in any order, from an array of eight numbers presented on the computer screen. In the restricted-choice arrangement, participants selected the order of three numbers preselected from the array of eight by a computer program. In initial sessions, all participants demonstrated no consistent preference or preference for restricted choice. Differential reinforcement of free-choice selections resulted in increased preference for free choice immediately and in subsequent sessions in the absence of programmed differential outcomes. For 5 participants, changes in preference for choice were both robust and lasting, suggesting that a history of differential reinforcement for choice may affect preference for choice.",
author = "Allen Karsina and Thompson, {Rachel H.} and Rodriguez, {Nicole M.}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "95",
pages = "189--202",
journal = "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior",
issn = "0022-5002",
publisher = "Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.

AU - Karsina, Allen

AU - Thompson, Rachel H.

AU - Rodriguez, Nicole M.

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - The effects of a history of differential reinforcement for selecting a free-choice versus a restricted-choice stimulus arrangement on the subsequent responding of 7 undergraduates in a computer-based game of chance were examined using a concurrent-chains arrangement and a multiple-baseline-across-participants design. In the free-choice arrangement, participants selected three numbers, in any order, from an array of eight numbers presented on the computer screen. In the restricted-choice arrangement, participants selected the order of three numbers preselected from the array of eight by a computer program. In initial sessions, all participants demonstrated no consistent preference or preference for restricted choice. Differential reinforcement of free-choice selections resulted in increased preference for free choice immediately and in subsequent sessions in the absence of programmed differential outcomes. For 5 participants, changes in preference for choice were both robust and lasting, suggesting that a history of differential reinforcement for choice may affect preference for choice.

AB - The effects of a history of differential reinforcement for selecting a free-choice versus a restricted-choice stimulus arrangement on the subsequent responding of 7 undergraduates in a computer-based game of chance were examined using a concurrent-chains arrangement and a multiple-baseline-across-participants design. In the free-choice arrangement, participants selected three numbers, in any order, from an array of eight numbers presented on the computer screen. In the restricted-choice arrangement, participants selected the order of three numbers preselected from the array of eight by a computer program. In initial sessions, all participants demonstrated no consistent preference or preference for restricted choice. Differential reinforcement of free-choice selections resulted in increased preference for free choice immediately and in subsequent sessions in the absence of programmed differential outcomes. For 5 participants, changes in preference for choice were both robust and lasting, suggesting that a history of differential reinforcement for choice may affect preference for choice.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052545900&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052545900&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189

DO - 10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189

M3 - Article

C2 - 21541125

AN - SCOPUS:80052545900

VL - 95

SP - 189

EP - 202

JO - Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

JF - Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

SN - 0022-5002

IS - 2

ER -