Effectiveness, Safety, and Sustainability of a Hand Water Pump Among Women Vegetable Farmers in the Gambia

Londa Vanderwa, Risto Rautiainen, Rex Kuye, Corinne Peek-Asa, Thomas Cook, Marizen Ramirez, Kennith Culp, Kelley Donham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Women vegetable farmers (n = 48) in West Africa engaged in timed trials with a hand water pump and traditional water lifting methods. Use of the water pump increased the mean time required to lift water by 14% (p < 0.01), compared to traditional lifting. Average and maximum heart rates increased by 7% and 6%, respectively (each p < 0.01), compared to traditional water lifting. Discomfort and injury indicators were consistently better for the pump. Two months later, most subjects reported that the water pump was safer (65%), faster (77%), and was preferred (77%). Manual water pumps should be comprehensively evaluated for efficiency and long-term sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-407
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sustainable Agriculture
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Fingerprint

Gambia
Vegetables
vegetables
pumps
vegetable
Sustainable development
hands
farmer
sustainability
Pumps
safety
farmers
water
Water
pump
Western Africa
heart rate
West Africa
water pump
woman

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Hand water pump
  • Vegetable farming
  • Women
  • Worker health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Development
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Effectiveness, Safety, and Sustainability of a Hand Water Pump Among Women Vegetable Farmers in the Gambia. / Vanderwa, Londa; Rautiainen, Risto; Kuye, Rex; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Cook, Thomas; Ramirez, Marizen; Culp, Kennith; Donham, Kelley.

In: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.04.2011, p. 394-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vanderwa, Londa ; Rautiainen, Risto ; Kuye, Rex ; Peek-Asa, Corinne ; Cook, Thomas ; Ramirez, Marizen ; Culp, Kennith ; Donham, Kelley. / Effectiveness, Safety, and Sustainability of a Hand Water Pump Among Women Vegetable Farmers in the Gambia. In: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 2011 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 394-407.
@article{29ec6df04d9f4e1e85b678070460f6fe,
title = "Effectiveness, Safety, and Sustainability of a Hand Water Pump Among Women Vegetable Farmers in the Gambia",
abstract = "Women vegetable farmers (n = 48) in West Africa engaged in timed trials with a hand water pump and traditional water lifting methods. Use of the water pump increased the mean time required to lift water by 14{\%} (p < 0.01), compared to traditional lifting. Average and maximum heart rates increased by 7{\%} and 6{\%}, respectively (each p < 0.01), compared to traditional water lifting. Discomfort and injury indicators were consistently better for the pump. Two months later, most subjects reported that the water pump was safer (65{\%}), faster (77{\%}), and was preferred (77{\%}). Manual water pumps should be comprehensively evaluated for efficiency and long-term sustainability.",
keywords = "Africa, Hand water pump, Vegetable farming, Women, Worker health",
author = "Londa Vanderwa and Risto Rautiainen and Rex Kuye and Corinne Peek-Asa and Thomas Cook and Marizen Ramirez and Kennith Culp and Kelley Donham",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/10440046.2011.562053",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "394--407",
journal = "Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems",
issn = "2168-3565",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness, Safety, and Sustainability of a Hand Water Pump Among Women Vegetable Farmers in the Gambia

AU - Vanderwa, Londa

AU - Rautiainen, Risto

AU - Kuye, Rex

AU - Peek-Asa, Corinne

AU - Cook, Thomas

AU - Ramirez, Marizen

AU - Culp, Kennith

AU - Donham, Kelley

PY - 2011/4/1

Y1 - 2011/4/1

N2 - Women vegetable farmers (n = 48) in West Africa engaged in timed trials with a hand water pump and traditional water lifting methods. Use of the water pump increased the mean time required to lift water by 14% (p < 0.01), compared to traditional lifting. Average and maximum heart rates increased by 7% and 6%, respectively (each p < 0.01), compared to traditional water lifting. Discomfort and injury indicators were consistently better for the pump. Two months later, most subjects reported that the water pump was safer (65%), faster (77%), and was preferred (77%). Manual water pumps should be comprehensively evaluated for efficiency and long-term sustainability.

AB - Women vegetable farmers (n = 48) in West Africa engaged in timed trials with a hand water pump and traditional water lifting methods. Use of the water pump increased the mean time required to lift water by 14% (p < 0.01), compared to traditional lifting. Average and maximum heart rates increased by 7% and 6%, respectively (each p < 0.01), compared to traditional water lifting. Discomfort and injury indicators were consistently better for the pump. Two months later, most subjects reported that the water pump was safer (65%), faster (77%), and was preferred (77%). Manual water pumps should be comprehensively evaluated for efficiency and long-term sustainability.

KW - Africa

KW - Hand water pump

KW - Vegetable farming

KW - Women

KW - Worker health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953687953&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79953687953&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10440046.2011.562053

DO - 10.1080/10440046.2011.562053

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 394

EP - 407

JO - Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems

JF - Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems

SN - 2168-3565

IS - 4

ER -