Effectiveness of a Peer-Helper Intervention to Increase Children's Social Interactions

Generalization, Maintenance, and Social Validity

Jeanette Smith Christopher, David J Hansen, Virginia M. Macmillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peer-mediated interventions are being used increasingly with a variety of populations. This study examined the impact of a peer-helper intervention on the low rates of prosocial interactions of three elementary-school children. Two peers from each child's classroom were trained as helpers to increase the social interactions of the socially isolated children. A multiple-baseline across-subjects design was used to demonstrate the impact of the intervention, and a within-subject A-B-A withdrawal design was used to assess maintenance. Behavioral observations during recess periods indicated that positive interactions with peer helpers and other classmates increased during intervention and were maintained in withdrawal and follow-up phases. Increases in positive interactions generalized to a second recess setting in which the peer-helper intervention was not introduced. The positive social interactions of all subjects reached social-validation levels of comparison groups of peers in the observation settings. Classroom sociometric assessment and teacher and self-report measures provided variable support for the effectiveness of intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-50
Number of pages29
JournalBehavior Modification
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Interpersonal Relations
Maintenance
Peer Group
Self Report
Observation
Population
Peers
Social Interaction
Interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effectiveness of a Peer-Helper Intervention to Increase Children's Social Interactions : Generalization, Maintenance, and Social Validity. / Christopher, Jeanette Smith; Hansen, David J; Macmillan, Virginia M.

In: Behavior Modification, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 22-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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