Effective carrier mass and mobility versus carrier concentration in p- and n-type α-GaN determined by infrared ellipsometry and Hall resistivity measurements

A. Kasic, M. Schubert, B. Rheinländer, V. Riede, S. Einfeldt, D. Hommel, B. Kuhn, J. Off, F. Scholz

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Abstract

We use infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry (IRSE) to obtain optical free-carrier parameters in p- and n-type hexagonal (α-) GaN films. Si- and Mg-doped films (40 nm to 4 μm) were grown on sapphire by MOCVD and MBE, respectively. Results from electrical (Hall) measurements are combined with those obtained from the Drude model by lineshape analysis of the IRSE data. We derive effective electron (me) and hole (mh) mass parameters for GaN, where mh depends on the free-hole concentration Ne. Undoped but n-type conductive films grown under similar conditions with different thicknesses, d, show a double-logarithmic dependence over two orders of magnitude between Ne and d: log(Ne)∝celog(d) with ce<0. A similar behavior is observed for free hole concentrations in Mg-doped α-GaN. Inhomogeneously activated donors or acceptors due to a decrease in misfit dislocations along the growth direction could explain the thickness dependence. A low electron mobility and large lattice mode broadening were observed at the layer-substrate interface in n-type GaN films. For high Ne values, the films reveal surface carrier depletion layers with thickness dSL. We find that dSL increases with decreasing Ne.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-76
Number of pages3
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Volume82
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 22 2001

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Keywords

  • Effective mass
  • Ellipsometry
  • GaN
  • Infrared
  • Optical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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