Effect of envelope material on biosecurity during emergency bovine mortality composting

T. D. Glanville, H. K. Ahn, T. L. Richard, J. D. Harmon, Donald Reynolds, S. Akinc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biosecurity of composting as an emergency disposal method for cattle mortalities caused by disease was evaluated by conducting full-scale field trials begun during three different seasons and using three different envelope materials. Process biosecurity was significantly affected by the envelope material used to construct the composting matrix. Internal temperatures met USEPA Class A time/temperature criteria for pathogen reduction in 89%, 67%, and 22%, respectively of seasonal test units constructed with corn silage, straw/manure, or ground cornstalks. In trials begun in the winter, survival times of vaccine strains of avian encephalomyelitis and Newcastle disease virus were noticeably shorter in silage test units than in the other two materials, but during summer/spring trials survival times in ground cornstalk and straw/manure test units were similar to those in test units constructed with silage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-551
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Composting
composting
silage
Manures
Straw
mortality
straw
manure
Vaccines
Pathogens
Viruses
Waste disposal
vaccine
cattle
Temperature
virus
pathogen
temperature
maize
matrix

Keywords

  • Composting
  • Disease
  • Emergency
  • Livestock
  • Pathogens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Effect of envelope material on biosecurity during emergency bovine mortality composting. / Glanville, T. D.; Ahn, H. K.; Richard, T. L.; Harmon, J. D.; Reynolds, Donald; Akinc, S.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 130, 01.01.2013, p. 543-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glanville, T. D. ; Ahn, H. K. ; Richard, T. L. ; Harmon, J. D. ; Reynolds, Donald ; Akinc, S. / Effect of envelope material on biosecurity during emergency bovine mortality composting. In: Bioresource Technology. 2013 ; Vol. 130. pp. 543-551.
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