Effect of element substitution on nanostructure and hard magnetism of rapidly quenched Nd2Fe14B

W. Y. Zhang, P. Kharel, I. A. Al-Omari, J. E. Shield, D. J. Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The structural and magnetic properties of Nd12Fe82B6 and Nd10M2Fe82B6 (M = Nb, Ti, Zr, Cr) alloys prepared using arc melting and melt spinning have been investigated. All the samples are found to crystallise with a tetragonal Nd2Fe14B phase without any alloy or elemental impurities. There is a small decrease in the unit cell volume of Nd2Fe14B due to transition metal (M) addition. The substitution of Nb and Ti refines and homogenises the nanostructure of the alloys, promoting intergrain exchange coupling leading to an increase in the remanence and energy product. For example, the remanence and energy product of Nd12Fe82B6 and Nd10Nb2Fe82B6 are 8.4 kG and 15 MGOe, and 9.9 kG and 20 MGOe, respectively. The J(T) curves are similar to those of a single phase ferromagnetic material suggesting no segregation of ferromagnetic impurities. The observed structural and magnetic properties are consistent with the fact that the substitutional transition metal atoms occupy the Nd site of the tetragonal Nd2Fe14B crystal lattice. The improvement of magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Nd2Fe14B alloys with the decrease in Nd concentration may be beneficial for the application of this material in bonded magnets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2800-2807
Number of pages8
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Volume96
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2016

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Keywords

  • Element substitution
  • intergrain exchange coupling
  • nanostructure
  • remanence enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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