Effect of diathermy on muscle temperature, electromyography, and mechnomyography

Sarah M. Mitchell, Cynthia A. Trowbridge, A. Louise Fincher, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the effects of pulsed shortwave diathermy on intramuscular temperature, surface electromyography (EMG), and mechanomyography (MMG) of the vastus lateralis. Thirty-five men were assigned to diathermy (n = 13), sham-diathermy (n = 12), or control (n = 10) groups. Each subject performed isometric maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) and incremental ramp contractions (10%-90% MVC) before and after treatment. Torque, intramuscular temperature, EMG, and MMG were recorded. Temperature for the diathermy group increased (P ≤ 0.05). MMG amplitude and instantaneous mean frequency (IMF) increased (P ≤ 0.05) during the MVCs with the greatest increases observed for the diathermy group. During ramp contractions, MMG amplitude and IMF increased at all percentages of MVC (10%-90%) for the diathermy group only (P ≤ 0.05). There were no changes in MVC torque, EMG amplitude, or IMF. Diathermy treatments may decrease musculotendinous stiffness, but not absolute strength or motor control strategies that influence force production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)992-1004
Number of pages13
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Diathermy
  • EMG
  • Heat
  • MMG
  • Musculotendinous stiffness
  • Therapeutic modality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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