Effect of diabetes mellitus on responses of the basilar artery in rats to products released by platelets

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Abstract

Background and Purpose: Aggregation and adherence of platelets to vascular endothelium are increased during diabetes mellitus, and thus responses of cerebral arteries to products released by platelets may have important implications for the pathogenesis of stroke during diabetes. The goal of this study was to determine whether responses of the basilar artery to products released by platelets are altered during diabetes. Methods: A craniotomy was performed over the ventral medulla to expose the basilar artery. Diameter of the basilar artery was measured using intravital microscopy in nondiabetic and diabetic (50-60 mg/kg i.p. streptozotocin) rats in response to adenosine 5'-diphosphate, serotonin, and the thromboxane analogue U-46619. Results: Topical application of 10 and 100 μM adenosine 5′-diphosphate produced only minimal changes in diameter of the basilar artery that were similar in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (p > 0.05). At 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 μM serotonin produced dose-related constriction of the basilar artery that was similar in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (p >0.05). At 0.1 and 1.0 μM U-46619 also produced similar dose-related constriction of the basilar artery in nondiabetic and diabetic rats (p >0.05). Conclusions: These findings suggest that responses of the basilar artery to products released by platelets are not altered by diabetes mellitus. Thus, it does not appear that alterations in reactivity of the basilar artery to products released by platelets contribute to the pathogenesis of stroke during diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1499-1503
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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