Effect of delayed reinforcement on skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction: Implications for treatmen-integrity errors in academic settings

Regina A. Carroll, Tiffany Kodak, Kari J. Adolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


We used an adapted alternating treatments design to compare skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction using immediate reinforcement, delayed reinforcement with immediate praise, and delayed reinforcement for 2 children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants acquired the skills taught with immediate reinforcement; however, delayed reinforcement decreased the efficiency and effectiveness of discrete-trial instruction. We discuss the importance of evaluating the influence of treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016



  • autism spectrum disorder
  • delayed reinforcement
  • discrete-trial instruction
  • treatment integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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