Early temperament and middle school engagement: School social relationships as mediating processes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Young children's temperament was examined as a potential predictor of early adolescent school engagement, with elementary school teacher- child and peer relationships included as potential mediators of these effects. A large national longitudinal dataset (N = 1,032) was used to estimate structural equations models that showed children's social dissatisfaction and teacher- child closeness mediated links from early temperament (i.e., negative affect, effortful control at age 54 months) to early adolescent (age 11) emotional engagement in school. These findings suggest that aspects of teacher and peer relationships in elementary school classrooms are key mediators of the long-term effects of early childhood temperament on later school engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-354
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018



  • Peer relationships
  • School engagement
  • Teacher- child relationships
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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