Early suppressive effects of chemotherapy on recovery of bone marrow megakaryocyte precursors: Possible relationship to platelet recovery

M. Kim Warren, Joanne Zujewski, Wendy L. Rose, Janet M. Szabo, Joyce A. O'Shaughnessy, David C. Halverson, Kenneth H. Cowan, Ronald E. Gress, Gretchen N. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study utilized a recently developed culture and quantitation system to detect megakaryocyte precursors in CD34+ bone marrow cells from normal donors and breast cancer patients treated with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, adriamycin and cyclophosphamide (FLAC). Bone marrow was obtained from patients before and then after their first cycle of FLAC once blood cell counts had recovered. CD34+ cells were isolated and placed in liquid culture with growth factors to stimulate proliferation and lineage commitment. Absorbance values from an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to quantitate expression of platelet glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa. There was an increase in absorbance with increasing numbers of cells seeded per culture that was associated with an increase in the number of megakaryocyte lineage cells produced. After 10 days in liquid culture, absorbance values for expression of GPIIb/IIIa from 2,000 normal donor and pre-chemotherapy CD34+ marrow cells were ≥ 1.0. Absorbance values from cultures of post-chemotherapy CD34+ cells from four patients were similar to values from pre-chemotherapy CD34+ cells. In contrast, absorbance values from cultures of post-chemotherapy CD34+ cells from two other patients were low (absorbance <0.5). Low absorbance values for GPIIb/IIIa expression indicate that megakaryocyte production from those CD34+ cells was reduced. Both of those patients developed prolonged thrombocytopenia and platelet nadirs of less than 20,000/μl during FLAC chemotherapy. In contrast, only one out of four patients whose cultures of post-chemotherapy CD34+ cells had absorbance values ≥ 1.0 developed platelet nadirs less than 20,000/μl. These results suggest that low platelet nadirs and delayed platelet recovery may be associated with suppressive effects of chemotherapy on recovery of megakaryocyte precursors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalSTEM CELLS
Volume14
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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Keywords

  • CD34 cells
  • Chemotherapy
  • ELISA
  • Glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa
  • Megakaryocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Warren, M. K., Zujewski, J., Rose, W. L., Szabo, J. M., O'Shaughnessy, J. A., Halverson, D. C., Cowan, K. H., Gress, R. E., & Schwartz, G. N. (1996). Early suppressive effects of chemotherapy on recovery of bone marrow megakaryocyte precursors: Possible relationship to platelet recovery. STEM CELLS, 14(SUPPL. 1), 31-37.