Early rheumatoid arthritis in African-Americans: The CLEAR registry

S. Louis Bridges, Laura B. Hughes, Ted R. Mikuls, George Howard, Hemant K. Tiwari, Graciela S. Alarcón, Janet M. McNicholl, Larry W. Moreland, Jane Knight Lowe, Prerna Gala, Rosemary Snead, Paula McKenzie, Eugene Oliver, Andrew O. Westfall, Jeroan Allison, Michael Holland, Doyt Conn, Joyce Carlone, Karla Caylor, Beth JonasLeigh Callahan, Chris Summers-Bean, Edwin Smith, Gary Gilkeson, Evette Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Scopus citations


African-Americans have been under-represented in genetic studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibiltiy and severity. Genetic and non-genetic factors influencing the radiographic severity of RA and its response to treatment are poorly understood, particularly in African-Americans. The Consortium for the Longitudinal Evaluation of African-Americans with early RA (CLEAR) Registry, a collaborative effort among four institutions in the southeast USA, will hopefully provide a useful resource to study these issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S138-S145
JournalClinical and experimental rheumatology
Issue number5 SUPPL. 31
StatePublished - Oct 27 2003



  • African-Americans
  • Genetics
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Bridges, S. L., Hughes, L. B., Mikuls, T. R., Howard, G., Tiwari, H. K., Alarcón, G. S., McNicholl, J. M., Moreland, L. W., Lowe, J. K., Gala, P., Snead, R., McKenzie, P., Oliver, E., Westfall, A. O., Allison, J., Holland, M., Conn, D., Carlone, J., Caylor, K., ... Robinson, E. (2003). Early rheumatoid arthritis in African-Americans: The CLEAR registry. Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 21(5 SUPPL. 31), S138-S145.